TITLE

Effects of the synthetic liver X receptor agonist T0901317 on the growth hormone and thyroid hormone axes in male rats

AUTHOR(S)
Jeffrey Davies; Pia Kotokorpi; Ulrika Lindahl; Jan Oscarsson; Timothy Wells; Agneta Mode
PUB. DATE
April 2008
SOURCE
Endocrine (1355008X);Apr2008, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p196
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract  Liver X receptors (LXRs), activated by oxysterols, play an important role in the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism, which is also markedly dependent on thyroid hormone and growth hormone (GH) status. Here, we investigated how a 1-week exposure to the synthetic LXR agonist T0901317 affected GH secretion and thyroid hormone status in male rats. While the pulse frequency of GH secretion was marginally affected there was a highly significant decrease in the triiodo-l-thyronine/thyroxine (T3/T4) ratio in plasma. This effect was associated with decreased expression of deiodinase 1 (DIO1) and 2 (DIO2) mRNA in the liver and thyroid gland, respectively. Expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), the hallmark of stimulated lipogenesis, was markedly increased in both thyroid and pituitary implying that protracted pharmacological LXR activation may promote lipid accumulation in these endocrine tissues. These findings suggest that attention must be given to pituitary hormone dependent axes when developing therapeutic strategies based on agonism of the LXRs, e.g. for treatment of atherosclerosis.
ACCESSION #
33049324

 

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