Validation in fusion research: Towards guidelines and best practices

Terry, P. W.; Greenwald, M.; Leboeuf, J.-N.; McKee, G. R.; Mikkelsen, D. R.; Nevins, W. M.; Newman, D. E.; Stotler, D. P.; Task Group on Verification and Validation; U.S. Burning Plasma Organization; U.S. Transport Task Force
June 2008
Physics of Plasmas;Jun2008, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p062503
Academic Journal
Because experiment/model comparisons in magnetic confinement fusion have not yet satisfied the requirements for validation as understood broadly, approaches to validating mathematical models and numerical algorithms are recommended as good practices. Previously identified procedures, such as, verification, qualification, and analysis of errors from uncertainties and deficiencies, remain important. However, particular challenges intrinsic to fusion plasmas and physical measurement therein lead to identification of new or less familiar concepts that are also critical in validation. These include the primacy hierarchy, which tracks the integration of measurable quantities, and sensitivity analysis, which assesses how model output is apportioned to different sources of variation. The use of validation metrics for individual measurements is extended to multiple measurements, with provisions for the primacy hierarchy and sensitivity. This composite validation metric is essential for quantitatively evaluating comparisons with experiments. To mount successful and credible validation in magnetic fusion, a new culture of validation is envisaged.


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