Generation of low-frequency electrostatic and electromagnetic waves as nonlinear consequences of beam–plasma interactions

Umeda, Takayuki
June 2008
Physics of Plasmas;Jun2008, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p064502
Academic Journal
Nonlinear evolution of the electron two-stream instability in a current-carrying plasma is examined by using a two-dimensional electromagnetic particle-in-cell simulation. Formation of electron phase-space holes is observed as an early nonlinear consequence of electron–beam–plasma interactions. Lower-hybrid waves, electrostatic, and electromagnetic whistler mode waves are also excited by different mechanisms during the ensuing nonlinear wave–particle interactions. It is shown by the present computer simulation with a large simulation domain and a long simulation time that these low-frequency waves can disturb the electrostatic equilibrium of electron phase-space holes, suggesting that the lifetime of electron phase-space holes sometimes becomes shorter in a current-carrying plasma.


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