Politische Akteure

Japp, Klaus P.
September 2006
Soziale Systeme;2006, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p222
Academic Journal
The theory of social systems has a problem with ›actors‹. Actors are often called ›fictitious actors‹ insofar as the term refers to communicative expectations and communicative attributions of actions but not to concrete persons (I). The article will sketch a general theory of the actor and apply this argument to the homo politicus -- the political actor (II). Whereas a ›rational actor‹ is nothing more than a communicative construct, a rationalised ›address‹, the term ›person‹ -- although a social construction as well -- refers as a structural coupling to the ›other side‹, i.e. to consciousness. Accordingly, the argument distinguishes between ›actor‹ and ›person‹. This perspective requires some elaborations for the side of consciousness since the concept of structural coupling matters for both systems: consciousness and communication (III). The reasons for the stability of this structural coupling can be found by reconstructing the self-organization of psychic systems on the basis of self-schemes, for which the participation in communication and the concomitant anticipation of expectations are essential (IV). This connection means that -- in modern society -- individual and organized actors configure themselves to the extent that they observe how they are observed as actors (V). The connection is illustrated by some examples which point to a concept of the homo politicus (VI). At the same time they demonstrate that the homo politicus cannot do without persons (VII).


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