TITLE

Muscle Compromise in Diabetes

AUTHOR(S)
Donmez, F. Yildirim; Feldman, F.
PUB. DATE
August 2008
SOURCE
Acta Radiologica;Aug2008, Vol. 49 Issue 6, p673
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Muscle compromise associated with diabetes includes muscle infarction, myositis, pyomyositis, and abscess formation. These conditions may also be seen in various other conditions, such as trauma, alcoholism, neoplasia, vasculopathy, HIV infection, and other immunocompromised states and hemoglobinopathies. Due to recent advances in imaging technology, these entities are readily detected and treated at an earlier stage. Different diagnostic modalities may be used, particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is best for soft-tissue pathologies. Muscle infarction appears with acute edema and inflammatory changes on T1- and T2-weighted images, enhancing peripherally postcontrast, and nonenhancing central areas suggestive of necrosis, lacking focal fluid collections. The latter feature may help to exclude abscesses, as these mostly present with fluid collections. Pyomyositis in its early period demonstrates ill-defined muscle enlargement with increased signal on T2-weighted images. Myositis shows no signal changes or mild hypointensity on T1-weighted images, but diffuse hyperintensity on T2-weighted images, with no or minimal enhancement following intravenous contrast media. Recognition of these pathologies is important, since management approaches vary depending on the etiology of the muscle involvement and overall status of the patient.
ACCESSION #
32718505

 

Related Articles

  • Should I take preventive medications? Cohan, Gary R. // Advocate;6/28/94, Issue 658, p57 

    Focuses on when HIV-positive persons should take preventive medications. Approaches to prophylactic therapies.

  • Physicians face increasing metabolic, CV complications in the treatment of HIV patients. Kalvaitis, Katie; Volansky, Rob // Endocrine Today;Nov2010, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p1 

    The article examines the complications involved in treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, as Dr. Kevin Yarasheski of Washington University School of Medicine claimed that some medications can become endocrine disruptors or have been associated with poor glucose control,...

  • Acute bacterial myositis as the initial manifestation of HIV infection. Bandi, S.; Lewis, P.; Hackett, S.; Welch, S. // Archives of Disease in Childhood -- Education & Practice Edition;Apr2011 Supplement, Vol. 96 Issue 5, p17 

    An abstract of the article "Acute Bacterial Myositis as the Initial Manifestation of HIV Infection," by S. Bandi and colleagues is presented.

  • Incidence of Malignant Disease in Biopsy-Proven Inflammatory Myopathy. Buchbinder, Rachelle; Forbes, Andrew; Hall, Stephen; Dennett, Xenia; Giles, Graham // Annals of Internal Medicine;06/19/2001, Vol. 134 Issue 12, p1087 

    Studies the risk for malignant disease in patients with biopsy-proven inflammatory myopathies in Australia. Identification of biopsy-positive inflammatory myopathy; Identification of malignant disease and deaths; Incidence ratios for malignant disease associated with diagnosis of myositis.

  • monomyositis.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1488 

    A definition of the medical term "monomyositis," which refers to the inflammation of a single muscle, is presented.

  • myosclerosis.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1533 

    A definition of the term "myosclerosis," which refers to hardening of muscle, is presented.

  • Dermatomyositis. Koler, Ric Anthony; Montemarano, Andrew // American Family Physician;11/1/2001, Vol. 64 Issue 9, p1565 

    Dermatomyositis is an idiopathic inflammatory myopathy with characteristic skin manifestations. Although the disorder is rare, with a prevalence of one to10 cases per million in adults and one to 3.2 cases per million in children, early recognition and treatment are important ways to decrease...

  • Patient presents with pain, proptosis, limited motility. Fastenberg, Bruce A.; Chynn, Emil William; Ritch, Robert // Ophthalmology Times;12/15/99, Vol. 24 Issue 24, p12 

    Presents information on orbital myositis. Symptoms and diagnosis; Possible causes; Treatment for disease.

  • We can beat HIV if we choose.  // New Scientist;9/3/2011, Vol. 211 Issue 2828, p5 

    In this article the author discusses the need to develop ways to fight HIV without compromising investments made in combating malaria and other diseases, such as tuberculosis (TB).

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics