Bioimaging of cells and tissues using accelerator-based sources

Petibois, Cyril; Guidi, Mariangela Cestelli
July 2008
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jul2008, Vol. 391 Issue 5, p1599
Academic Journal
A variety of techniques exist that provide chemical information in the form of a spatially resolved image: electron microprobe analysis, nuclear microprobe analysis, synchrotron radiation microprobe analysis, secondary ion mass spectrometry, and confocal fluorescence microscopy. Linear (LINAC) and circular (synchrotrons) particle accelerators have been constructed worldwide to provide to the scientific community unprecedented analytical performances. Now, these facilities match at least one of the three analytical features required for the biological field: (1) a sufficient spatial resolution for single cell (< 1 μm) or tissue (<1 mm) analyses, (2) a temporal resolution to follow molecular dynamics, and (3) a sensitivity in the micromolar to nanomolar range, thus allowing true investigations on biological dynamics. Third-generation synchrotrons now offer the opportunity of bioanalytical measurements at nanometer resolutions with incredible sensitivity. Linear accelerators are more specialized in their physical features but may exceed synchrotron performances. All these techniques have become irreplaceable tools for developing knowledge in biology. This review highlights the pros and cons of the most popular techniques that have been implemented on accelerator-based sources to address analytical issues on biological specimens.


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