TITLE

Expressing a gene encoding wheat oxalate oxidase enhances resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in oilseed rape ( Brassica napus)

AUTHOR(S)
Xiangbai Dong; Ruiqin Ji; Xuelan Guo; Foster, Simon J.; Hong Chen; Caihua Dong; Yueying Liu; Qiong Hu; Shengyi Liu
PUB. DATE
June 2008
SOURCE
Planta;Jun2008, Vol. 228 Issue 2, p331
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum causes a highly destructive disease in oilseed rape ( Brassica napus). Oxalic acid (OA) secreted by the pathogen is a key pathogenicity factor. Oxalate oxidase (OXO) can oxidize OA into CO2 and H2O2. In this study, we show that transgenic oilseed rape (sixth generation lines) constitutively expressing wheat ( Triticum aestivum) OXO displays considerably increased OXO activity and enhanced resistance to S. sclerotiorum (with up to 90.2 and 88.4% disease reductions compared with the untransformed parent line and a resistant control, respectively). Upon application of exogenous OA, the pH values in transgenic plants were maintained at levels slightly lower than 5.58 measured prior to OA treatment, whereas the pH values in untransformed plants decreased rapidly and were markedly lower than 5.63 measured prior to OA treatment. Following pathogen inoculation, H2O2 levels were higher in transgenic plants than in untransformed plants. These results indicate that the enhanced resistance of the OXO transgenic oilseed rape to Sclerotinia is probably mediated by OA detoxification. We believe that enhancing the OA metabolism of oilseed rape in this way will be an effective strategy for improving resistance to S. sclerotiorum.
ACCESSION #
32537659

 

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