Coarse-graining the electron distribution in turbulence simulations of tokamak plasmas

Yang Chen; Parker, Scott E.; Rewoldt, Gregory; Seung-Hoe Ku; Gun-Young Park; Chang, C.-S.
May 2008
Physics of Plasmas;May2008, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p055905
Academic Journal
The coarse-graining procedure (CGP) [Y. Chen and S. E. Parker, Phys. Plasmas 14, 082301 (2007)] is implemented in the GEM code for electrons. While CGP introduces numerical dissipation in the particle-in-cell simulations, it is shown that CGP preserves physical dissipation effects such as the electron-ion collisional effects on the particle flux in ion-temperature-gradient driven turbulence. Kinetic simulation of an edge plasma is presented, which demonstrates the essential stabilizing effect of shear flow and the destabilizing effect of magnetic field perturbation in such a plasma.


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