TITLE

MÉTIS ET MÉTISSAGES: L'ÉCLAIRAGE LITTÉRAIRE EN MIROIR

AUTHOR(S)
Loum, Daouda
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
French Colonial History;2008, Vol. 9, p79
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Due to slavery, colonialism, and neo-colonialism, the violent contacts between Europe and Africa engendered social changes and aroused feelings of frustration, hatred, and even revenge. This painful experience appealed to the imagination of various black intellectuals. Through fiction and poetry, they tried to make alienated and subjugated Africans not only recover the quintessence of their "Negritude" but also contribute to the "Universal Civilization." Hence, the topicality in twentieth-century French African literature of this theme: "The Métis Imagination and Cross-Culture: A Literary Approach." This paper is an attempt to examine the evolution of the issue through history, especially in the light of three trends of thought. Firstly, as patriots and upholders of African values, Ousmane Socé Diop and Mariama Bâ systematically reject intermarriage, since they find it detrimental to the black race, and to the progress of Africa as well. Secondly, Abdoulaye Sadji, who is aware of the inevitable social transformations that occur when people of divergent cultures come into contact and conflict, moderates his point of view, considering that interracial marriage entails both advantages and inconveniences. Thirdly, Léopold Sédar Senghor, the president and poet, approves of hybridity, while focusing on cultural, intellectual, and economic exchanges for the fulfillment of the "Universal Civilization." What is worth stressing is that although he promotes mixed marriage, Senghor does not impose it as a sine qua non condition for the accomplishment of this political and humanistic project.
ACCESSION #
32508537

 

Related Articles

  • Senghor's Prefaces between the Colonial and the Postcolonial. Watts, Richard // Research in African Literatures;Winter2002, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p76 

    Focuses on the impact of the works of Senegalese author and former head of state Leopold Sedar Senghor on African literature. History of the francophone colonized and postcolonial literature in Africa; Senghor's importance in shaping the field of francophone literature; Patronage in the...

  • Senghor's Anxiety of Influence. Drabinski, John E. // Journal of French & Francophone Philosophy / Revue de la Philoso;2016, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p68 

    The article focuses on Léopold Senghor, first president of Senegal, and discusses his 1945 essay "Assimilation and Association" as well as the tension between the type of nationalism needed for atavistic visions of liberation and the post-nationalist cultural conditions of decolonization.

  • Léopold Sédar Senghor and the Civilization of the Universal. Mabana, Kahiudi C. // Diogenes;Nov2012, Vol. 59 Issue 3/4, p4 

    The article discusses Leopold Sedar Senghor's conception of Negritude and its implications in terms of black identification and the recognition of Africa as the birthplace of races. Topics discussed include Senghor's passion for Negritude and his impact on the African and Francophone culture,...

  • Homage to Léopold Sédar Senghor: 1906-2001. Vaillant, Janet G. // Research in African Literatures;Winter2002, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p18 

    Pays tribute to Senegalese author and former head of state Leopold Sedar Senghor who passed away in 2002. Education and personal background; Literary works; Political leadership; Contributions to African literature and politics.

  • Negritude and history: Senghor's argument with Frobenius. Echeruo, Michael J.C. // Research in African Literatures;Winter93, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p1 

    Reports on the `influence' of Leo Frobenius on the work of Leopold S. Senghor. Acknowledgement of influence read as a gesture of dependence; Proof of the incorporation of Senghor into the totality of Western discourse; Frobenius as Senghor's weapon of opportunity within Western discourse;...

  • NEGRITUDE. MURDOCH, H. A. // Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry & Poetics 4th Edition;6/2/2012, p926 

    Information about Negritude, an aesthetic and literary movement in the 1930s, is presented. Led by the writings of two black scholars from Aimé Césaire of Martinique and Léopold Sédar Senghor of Senegal, the movement centers on black consciousness and black creativity. Negritude had...

  • Bifurcated World of African Nationalist Historiography. Awasom, Nicodemus Fru; Bojang, Ousman M. // Lagos Historical Review;2009, Vol. 9, p22 

    The colonial enterprise sustained its raison d'être through the concoction of a historiography that denied the historicity, humanity and governance capacity of Africans. Against a background of this denial levitated nationalist historiographical schools which challenged such myths. But their...

  • Into the Heart of the Great Wilderness: Understanding Baldwin’s Quarrel with Négritude. Winks, Christopher // African American Review;Winter2013, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p605 

    The article discusses black racial identity and the analysis by author James Baldwin of the First International Congress of Black Writers and Artists held in Paris, France from September 19-22, 1956. Emphasis is given to Baldwin's impressions of authors such as Aimé Césaire, Léopold...

  • from AIMÉ CÉSAIRE. Baraka, Amiri // Callaloo;Fall2008, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p981 

    The article discusses the meaning of the term "Negritude," which was developed by poet Aimé Césaire. The term was defined by Césaire as the awareness of being black, the simple acknowledgement of a fact which implies acceptance of it, a taking charge of one's destiny as a black man, of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics