Hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia are associated with endothelial dysfunction during the development of type 2 diabetes

Okon, Elena B.; Chung, Ada W.Y.; Zhang, Hongbin; Laher, Ismail; van Breemen, Cornelis
May 2007
Canadian Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology;May2007, Vol. 85 Issue 5, p562
Academic Journal
Diabetes mellitus impairs endothelial function, which can be considered as the hallmark in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperlipidemia are believed to contribute to endothelial dysfunction. In the present study, we investigated the possible links among these plasma metabolic markers and endothelial function in a mouse model during the development of type 2 diabetes. C57BL/6J-Lepob/ob mice at 8, 12, and 16 weeks were used to study endothelial function during the establishment of type 2 diabetes. Endothelial function was accessed in vitro in the thoracic aorta by measuring acetylcholine (ACh)-stimulated vasodilatation. Blood plasma was obtained for the measurements of glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and cholesterol levels. Correlation and multiple regression analysis revealed strong negative associations between the ACh responsiveness and the plasma levels of glucose, insulin, and lipid profiles at the age of 8 weeks. Associations were observed at neither older age nor in C57BL/6J mice. In conclusion, the increase in plasma levels of glucose, insulin, and lipids is associated with the impairment of the endothelial function during the early stage of the development of type 2 diabetes. The loss of correlation at an older age suggests multifactorial regulation of endothelial function and cardiovascular complications at later stages of the disease.


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