Effects of Otitis Media With Effusion on Hearing in the First 3 Years of Life

Gravel, Judith S.; Wallace, Ina F.
June 2000
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2000, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p631
Academic Journal
Hearing sensitivity was examined prospectively in young children as a function of otitis media with effusion (OME) status in Years 1,2, and 3. Hearing and OME status were sampled bimonthly from 5 to 36 months of age. Behavioral thresholds were obtained at 4 test frequencies (500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz) using visual reinforcement audiometry and conditioned play audiometry techniques. The majority of children's audiograms were obtained using a computer-controlled test procedure. Thresholds for the test frequencies were averaged for each visit and then averaged across all visits in each year. Reference values were developed for infants and children in Years 1,2, and 3 who were OME free. Results reveal that children who were classified as bilaterally OME positive in Years 1,2, and 3 had significantly poorer hearing than children classified as bilaterally OME free in each of these time periods. There was no difference in hearing as a function of gender, socioeconomic status, or birth-risk status.


Related Articles

  • Acute Suppurative Otitis Media in Children. Hayden, Gregory F. // Clinical Pediatrics;Feb1981, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p99 

    Practicing pediatricians were surveyed via mailed questionnaire and a review was made of the pertinent literature in an attempt to identify suitable criteria for making the clinical diagnosis of acute suppurative otitis media (ASOM) in children. Clinical diagnostic criteria were described in...

  • Antibiotics and Ear Infections.  // Pediatrics for Parents;2003, Vol. 20 Issue 11, p11 

    Highlights results of a study on the use of antibiotics to treat ear infections among children in Finland. Age of child; Otitis media; Otorrhea; Suctioning of ear fluids; Bacteria in ear fluids; Effectiveness of the antibiotic Augmentin.

  • Otitis media with effusion in infants: Is screening and treatment with ventilation tubes necessary? Rovers, Maroeska M.; Ingels, Koen; Van der Wilt, Gert Jan; Zielhuis, Gerhard A.; Van den Broek, Paul // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;10/16/2001, Vol. 165 Issue 8, p1055 

    Presents a study of the childhood disease otitis media with effusion (OME) in infants and young children. Treatment; The role and effectiveness of surgically implanted ventilation tubes.

  • An Intervention to Improve Follow-up of Patients with Otitis Media. Casey, Rosemary; Rosen, Beth; Glowasky, Albert; Ludwig, Stephen // Clinical Pediatrics;Mar1985, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p149 

    We evaluated the effects of an educational intervention and telephone reminders on compliance with medication-taking and appointment-keeping for children with otitis media. During an initial interview we examined parents' health beliefs and other factors associated with compliance n our...

  • Age-specific Patterns of Diagnosis of Acute Otitis Media. McFadden, D. M.; Berwick, D. M.; Feldstein, M. L.; Marter, S. S. // Clinical Pediatrics;Oct1985, Vol. 24 Issue 10, p571 

    Presents a retrospective review of clinical experience with the diagnosis of acute otitis media (AOM) in children. Age-specific patterns of diagnosis; Variation in the rates of diagnosis; Implications of the study's findings on clinical practice, health planning and pediatric research.

  • The Effect of Montelukast Sodium on the Duration of Effusion of Otitis Media. Combs, Jerome T. // Clinical Pediatrics;Jul/Aug2004, Vol. 43 Issue 6, p529 

    This study tests the hypothesis that montelukast sodium, a selective leukotriene receptor antagonist, will decrease the duration of the effusion of otitis media. Tympanometry and spectral gradient acoustic reflectometry were used to confirm the effusion of otitis media in patients between 2 and...

  • CITATIONS AND CLINICIANS' NOTES: EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT.  // Current Medical Literature: Pediatrics;2005, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p47 

    Offers comments of a clinician to the article "Grommets in Otitis Media With Effusion: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis," by Rovers MM, Black N and Browning GG. Treatment strategy for the majority of children with otitis media with effusion; Benefits of grommet insertion to children who...

  • Differences in Chronic Otitis Media Between Rural and Urban Eskimo Children. Johonnott, Susan C. // Clinical Pediatrics;Jul1973, Vol. 12 Issue 7, p415 

    Discusses the differences in chronic otitis media (COS) between rural and urban Eskimo children in Alaska. Characteristics of chronic otitis media; Serious complications of the condition; Pattern of COM in Alaskan Eskimo children.

  • Parent satisfaction OK with no treatment of otitis.  // Journal of Family Practice;Sep2005, Vol. 54 Issue 9, p754 

    This article cites a study that evaluates watchful waiting versus immediate antibiotic treatment for acute otitis media in children. It also surveys parents regarding their satisfaction with care. The researchers enrolled 223 infants and children with symptoms and otoscopic evidence of acute...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics