The Use of Syntactic Cues in Lexical Acquisition by Children With SLI

Rice, Mabel L.; Cleave, Patricia L.; Oetting, Janna B.
June 2000
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2000, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p582
Academic Journal
This study investigated the syntactic bootstrapping abilities of children who differed by language abilities and age. In the first study, the performance of 5-year-old children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) was compared to that of two groups of typically developing children--one of equivalent language levels, as indexed by mean length of utterance (MLU), and the other of equivalent chronological age. In the second study, two groups of 7-year-old children, one whose language was developing typically and one with SLI, were involved. The count/mass distinction was used as the basis for the experimental tasks. A videotaped story was used to present the novel count and mass words, with syntactic cues in one condition and with neutral syntax in another. Results from the first study revealed that only the 5-year-old nonaffected control children showed evidence of using the syntactic cues. The 5-year-old SLI group and 3-year-old control group achieved comparable scores. However, error analyses suggested that different factors were operative in the two groups. The second study revealed that there was continued growth into the early school years for children with SLI and children whose language was developing typically.


Related Articles

  • Complex Syntax Production of African American Preschoolers. Jackson, Sandra C.; Roberts, Joanne E. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2001, Vol. 44 Issue 5, p1083 

    This study examined changes in the complex syntax production of 85 3- and 4-year-old African American children and the role of child (i.e., gender, age, African American English) and family (i.e., home environment) factors. The mean percentage of utterances containing one or more complex syntax...

  • DIALECT INTERFERENCE IN WEST INDIAN CHILDREN. Edwards, V.K. // Language & Speech;Jan-Mar78, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p76 

    Studies the dialect interference in West Indian children. Influence of Creole lexis, syntax, morphology and phonology on West Indian children; Higher incidence of Creole interference on Caribbean-born West Indians; Correlation between Creole interference and performance on comprehension tasks.

  • English-Speaking Children's Interpretation of Disjunction in the Scope of 'not every.'. Notley, Anna; Thornton, Rosalind; Crain, Stephen // Biolinguistics;2012, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p32 

    This study examined 4- to 5-year-old English-speaking children's interpretations of sentences containing negation, the universal quantifier, and disjunction. Disjunction is assigned two different meanings in such sentences depending on its position in surface syntax: in the subject phrase of...

  • The Efficacy of Treatment for Children With Developmental Speech and Language Delay/ Disorder: A Meta-Analysis. Law, James; Garrett, Zoe; Nye, Chad // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2004, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p924 

    A meta-analysis was carried out of interventions for children with primary developmental speech and language delays/disorders. The data were categorized depending on the control group used in the study (no treatment, general stimulation, or routine speech and language therapy) and were...

  • overgeneralization (1960s) Linguistics.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p391 

    A definition of the term "overgeneralization" is presented. It refers to a process in the language development of children. In this regular forms are imposed by a child on irregular lexical terms including buyed, goed, and foots or there may be an analogous overgeneralization in syntax or...

  • A LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF THE MORPHEMIC AND SYNTACTIC STRUCTURES OF A HARD-OF-HEARING CHILD. West, Jacqueline J.; Webert, Jack L. // Language & Speech;Oct-Dec74, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p68 

    Studies the expressive language of a hearing-impaired four-year-old girl using concepts of both descriptive and generative linguistics. Morpheme boundaries, word boundaries and syntactic functions derived from systematic verbal behavior; Words in standard English that illustrate morphemic...

  • THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOGIC AND FOCUS IN CHILDREN'S WRITING. Young, George M. // Language & Speech;Apr-Jun85, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p115 

    Describes a model of syntax in which marked structures are conceived as the realization of modes of control that regulate the informational flow of the text at points of threatened discontinuity. Emphasis on the relations of logic and focus in children's writing; Implications for the study of...

  • Language-specificity of motion event expressions in young Korean children. Soonja Choi // Language, Interaction & Acquisition;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p157 

    This paper examines the development of motion expressions in two Korean children. The database consists of bi-weekly to monthly recordings of spontaneous mother�child interaction in their home between ages 1:11 and 4;2. All expressions of motion, both spontaneous and caused, were analyzed...

  • DEVELOPMENT OF METALINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE IN THE EARLY SCHOOL YEARS. Scholl, Dennis M; Ryan, Ellen Bouchard // Language & Speech;Apr-Jun80, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p199 

    Examines the extent to which primary school children could control their knowledge of syntax during metalinguistic tasks that varied in grammaticality. Correlation of unbiased judgment accuracy with the pre-readers' reading readiness scores; Implications for the development of reflective control...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics