TITLE

Association between walking distance and percentiles of body mass index in older and younger men

AUTHOR(S)
Williams, P.T.
PUB. DATE
May 2008
SOURCE
British Journal of Sports Medicine;May2008, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p352
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To assess the association of weekly walking distance to body weight and waist circumference in elderly (age ⩾75 years), senior (55⩽ age <75 years), middle-aged (35⩽ age <55 years), and younger men (18⩽ age <35 years old). Design: Cross-sectional analyses of baseline questionnaires from 7082 male participants of the National Walkers' Health Study. Results: Standard regression analyses showed that body mass index (BMI) was inversely and significantly associated with walking distance (kg/m² per km/week) in elderly (slope (SE): -0.032 (0.008)), senior (-0.045 (0.005)) and middle-aged men (-0.037 (0.007)), as were their waist circumferences (-0.090 (0.025), -0.122 (0.012) and -0.091 (0.015) cm per km/week, respectively), and that these slopes remained significant when adjusted statistically for reported weekly servings of meat, fish, fruit and alcohol. However, percentile regression analyses showed that the declines in BMI per km/week walked were greater at the higher than the lower percentiles of the BMI distribution. In men ⩾74 years old the decline per km walked was 4.9-fold greater among the heaviest men (that is, 90th BMI percentile; -0.076 kg/m² per km/week) than among the leanest men (that is, 10th BMI percentile; -0.015 kg/m² per km/week). The differences in slope at the 90th compared to the 10th BMI percentile were 5.4-fold among men 55-74 years old and sixfold among men 35-54 years old. Per km/week walked, the declines at the 90th percentile of waist circumference were also greater than at its 10th percentile, and intermediate for percentiles in between. Whereas standard regression analyses suggest that the average declines in BMI per km/week walked reported here are consistent with those reported previously per km/week run in male runners 35- 54 years old (-0.036 (0.001) kg/m² per km/week) and ⩾50 years old (-0.038 (0.001) kg/m² per km/week), percentile regression analyses showed that when adjusted to the leaner body weights of the runners the declines per km walked were between 49% and 59% less for walkers than runners. Conclusions: Declines in BMI and waist circumferences with walking distance depend upon the percentile of the BMI distribution, with the decline per km walked being significantly greater among heavier men.
ACCESSION #
32196816

 

Related Articles

  • BMI at 4 years of age is associated with previous and current protein intake and with paternal BMI. Öhlund, I.; Hernell, O.; Hörnell, A.; Stenlund, H.; Lind, T. // European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Feb2010, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p138 

    Objectives:To evaluate possible associations between body mass index (BMI) at 4 years of age, current and previous dietary intakes and parental BMI.Methods:A follow-up of dietary intake and anthropometry in 127 4-year-old children corresponding to 54% of children who completed an initial...

  • An investigation of psychological, social and environmental correlates of obesity and weight gain in young women. Ball, K.; Crawford, D. // International Journal of Obesity;Aug2006, Vol. 30 Issue 8, p1240 

    Objectives:This study explored the biological, psychological, social and environmental correlates of young women's current weight and retrospective 2-year weight change.Methods:A total of 790 young women (mean age 26.8 years), sampled from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health,...

  • A Prospective Study of Weight Gain after Premenopausal Hysterectomy. Moorman, Patricia G.; Schildkraut, Joellen M.; Iversen, Edwin S.; Myers, Evan R.; Gradison, Margaret; Warren-White, Nicolette; Wang, Frances // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);May2009, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p699 

    Purpose: Many women who have had hysterectomies have the perception that they gained weight after surgery that cannot be attributed to changes in diet or physical activity. The purpose of this analysis was to assess weight gain in premenopausal women in the first year after hysterectomy compared...

  • GEORGIA'S BIG PROBLEM. Dunkin, Mary Anne // Georgia Trend;Oct2006, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p90 

    The article reports on the problem of increasing obesity in Georgia. The state has grown by 66 percent in overweight and related problems within 20 years starting from 1983 with a body mass index of 25 to 29.9. It is the sixth biggest state in the nation with the risk of weight-related health...

  • Predicting adolescent body esteem and weight control behaviors from direct and indirect parent norms. Colaner, Colleen; Giles, Steven // Conference Papers -- National Communication Association;2007, p1 

    This study examines the role of direct and indirect parent norms on children's body esteem and unhealthy weight control behaviors (restricting fat, excessive exercise, and skipping meals). Direct norms include comments concerning weight and encouragement to lose weight, and indirect norms...

  • Waist Circumference Values Are Increasing Beyond Those Expected From BMI Increases. Elobeid, Mai A.; Desmond, Renee A.; Thomas, Olivia; Keith, Scott W.; Allison, David B. // Obesity (19307381);Oct2007, Vol. 15 Issue 10, p2380 

    The article presents a study which aimed to examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) by gender and race subgroups from population-based data over several time periods and to investigate the trend in WC over calendar time for each gender and race...

  • BMI Development of Normal Weight and Overweight Children in the PIAMA Study. Willers, Saskia M.; Brunekreef, Bert; Smit, Henriëtte A.; van der Beek, Eline M.; Gehring, Ulrike; de Jongste, Johan C.; Kerkhof, Marjan; Koppelman, Gerard H.; Wijga, Alet H. // PLoS ONE;Jun2012, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1 

    Background: There is evidence that rapid weight gain during the first year of life is associated with overweight later in life. However, results from studies exploring other critical periods for the development of overweight are inconsistent. Objective: The objective was to investigate BMI...

  • Just right. Oz, Mehmet; Roizen, Michael // Fit Pregnancy;Dec2011/Jan2012, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p46 

    The article discusses how a pregnant woman could have a healthy baby, who is neither too big nor too small. It has been stated that prenatal weight gain can help in measuring baby's size. It has been stated that pregnancy Body Mass Index (BMI) determines how much weight one should gain during...

  • Stable Behaviors Associated with Adults' 10-Year Change in Body Mass Index and Likelihood of Gain at the Waist. Kahn, Henry S.; Tatham, Lilith M.; Rodriguez, Carmen; Calle, Eugenia E.; Thun, Michael J.; Heath Jr., Clark W. // American Journal of Public Health;May97, Vol. 87 Issue 5, p747 

    Objectives. The purpose of this study was to identity behaviors associated with change in body mass index or with weight gain at the waist. Methods. A cohort of 79 236 White, non-Hispanic, healthy adults was questioned in 1982 and 1992 about diet and 10 physical activities. Estimates were made...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics