Correlates of Smoking Before, During, and After Pregnancy

Martin, Laurie T.; McNamara, Michelle; Milot, Alyssa; Bloch, Margot; Hair, Elizabeth C.; Halle, Tamara
May 2008
American Journal of Health Behavior;May/Jun2008, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p272
Academic Journal
Objectives: To use recent, national data to examine correlates of smoking before, during, and after pregnancy; quitting smoking during pregnancy; and relapsing by 24 months postpartum. Methods: Multivariate logistic regression models used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort and accounted for relevant socio-demographic, clinical, and contextual covariates. Results: Although socio-demographic characteristics including education, income, race/ethnicity, and marital status were associated with smoking at all time points, contextual factors including alcohol consumption, breast-feeding, and living with other smokers were also strongly associated with smoking, quitting, and relapsing. Conclusions: Results of this study may facilitate the creation of more targeted interventions focusing on women at highest risk for smoking during this critical period.


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