TITLE

DEFINING TRAITS DIFFERENTLY FOR SELF AND OTHERS

AUTHOR(S)
Niewiarowski, Jakub; Karylowski, Jerzy J.
PUB. DATE
February 2008
SOURCE
Psychological Reports;Feb2008, Vol. 102 Issue 1, p47
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Identical trait labels may be understood differently in thinking about self and in thinking about others. Specifically, when making self-judgments, individuals define traits primarily in terms of unobservable manifestations, e.g., how one feels. However, in making other-judgments, particularly in making judgments about relatively unfamiliar others, individuals define traits primarily in terms of observable manifestations, e.g., how one looks. This prediction was tested in three experiments (Exp. 1: N=96, Polish undergraduates including 19 men, 77 women; Exp. 2: N=96, U.S. undergraduates including 18 men, 78 women; Exp. 3: N=74. Polish undergraduates including 18 men, 56 women). Participants were asked to perform a generic trait judgment task followed by a specific trait judgment task in which the same traits were preceded by a qualifier "feels" or "looks". As expected, in the case of self-judgments, generic judgments predicted feels judgments better than looks judgments. This pattern did not occur for judgments of others and was reversed for judgments about others who were relatively unfamiliar.
ACCESSION #
31887827

 

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