# Lower bounds for the kinetic energy and resistance of wire array Z pinches on the Z pulsed-power accelerator

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Internal magnetic field measurements and high-speed imaging at the Sustained Spheromak Physics Experiment [E. B. Hooper, L. D. Pearlstein, and R. H. Bulmer, Nucl. Fusion 39, 863 (1999)] are used to study spheromak formation and field buildup. The measurements are analyzed in the context of a...

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A qualitative model of the dynamics of a multiterawatt radiating Z-pinch with cold start and high rate of current rise is proposed. The model is used to analyze discharges with currents I âˆ¼ 2â€“5 MA (with dI/dt > 1013 A/s) through uniform or structured plasma-producing loads, including...

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The theory of spacelike congruences is briefly reviewed. Expressions for the expansion, the rotation and the shear tensor of the spacelike curves and their corresponding natural transport laws in Riemann-Cartan space-time are derived. We consider the Maxwellâ€™s equations with torsion and...