Inhibition of fast electron energy deposition due to preplasma filling of cone-attached targets

Baton, S. D.; Koenig, M.; Fuchs, J.; Benuzzi-Mounaix, A.; Guillou, P.; Loupias, B.; Vinci, T.; Gremillet, L.; Rousseaux, C.; Drouin, M.; Lefebvre, E.; Dorchies, F.; Fourment, C.; Santos, J. J.; Batani, D.; Morace, A.; Redaelli, R.; Nakatsutsumi, M.; Kodama, R.; Nishida, A.
April 2008
Physics of Plasmas;Apr2008, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p042706
Academic Journal
We present experimental and numerical results on the propagation and energy deposition of laser-generated fast electrons into conical targets. The first part reports on experimental measurements performed in various configurations in order to assess the predicted benefit of conical targets over standard planar ones. For the conditions investigated here, the fast electron-induced heating is found to be much weaker in cone-guided targets irradiated at a laser wavelength of 1.057 μm, whereas frequency doubling of the laser pulse permits us to bridge the disparity between conical and planar targets. This result underscores the prejudicial role of the prepulse-generated plasma, whose confinement is enhanced in conical geometry. The second part is mostly devoted to the particle-in-cell modeling of the laser-cone interaction. In qualitative agreement with the experimental data, the calculations show that the presence of a large preplasma leads to a significant decrease in the fast electron density and energy flux near the target rear side.


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