TITLE

Ketamine gargle for attenuating postoperative sore throat

AUTHOR(S)
O. Canbay; N. Celebi; A. Sahin; V. Celiker; S. Ozgen; U. Aypar
PUB. DATE
April 2008
SOURCE
BJA: The British Journal of Anaesthesia;Apr2008, Vol. 100 Issue 4, p490
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background Tracheal intubation is a foremost cause of trauma to the airway mucosa, resulting in postoperative sore throat (POST) with reported incidences of 21–65%. We compared the effectiveness of ketamine gargles with placebo in preventing POST after endotracheal intubation. Methods Forty‐six, ASA I–II, patients undergoing elective surgery for septorhinoplasty under general anaesthesia were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind study. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups of 23 subjects each: Group C, saline 30 ml; Group K, ketamine 40 mg in saline 30 ml. Patients were asked to gargle this mixture for 30 s, 5 min before induction of anaesthesia. POST was graded at 0, 2, 4, and 24 h after operation on a four-point scale (0–3). Results POST occurred more frequently in Group C, when compared with Group K, at 0, 2, and 24 h and significantly more patients suffered severe POST in Group C at 4 and 24 h compared with Group K (P Conclusions Ketamine gargle significantly reduced the incidence and severity of POST.
ACCESSION #
31864095

 

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