TITLE

Human pathogenic Cryptosporidium species bioanalytical detection method with single oocyst detection capability

AUTHOR(S)
Connelly, John T.; Nugen, Sam R.; Borejsza-Wysocki, Wlodek; Durst, Richard A.; Montagna, Richard A.; Baeumner, Antje J.
PUB. DATE
May 2008
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;May2008, Vol. 391 Issue 2, p487
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A bioanalytical detection method for specific detection of viable human pathogenic Cryptosporidium species, C. parvum, C. hominis, and C. meleagridis is described. Oocysts were isolated from water samples via immunomagnetic separation, and mRNA was extracted with oligo-dT magnetic beads, amplified using nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA), and then detected in a nucleic acid hybridization lateral flow assay. The amplified target sequence employed was hsp70 mRNA, production of which is stimulated via a brief heat shock. The described method was capable of detecting one oocyst in 10 μL using flow-cytometer-counted samples. Only viable oocysts were detected, as confirmed using 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and propidium iodide (DAPI/PI) staining. The detection system was challenged by detecting oocysts in the presence of large numbers of common waterborne microorganisms and packed pellet material filtered from environmental water samples. When the method was compared with EPA Method 1622 for C. parvum detection, highly comparable results were obtained. Since the described detection system yields unambiguous results within 4.5 h, it is an ideal method for monitoring the safety of drinking water.
ACCESSION #
31815277

 

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