Rate of Burning of Apparel Fabrics

Weaver, J. W.
November 1976
Textile Chemist & Colorist;Nov76, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p46
Academic Journal
Burning times were determined for 123 conventional apparel fabrics subjected to a CS 191 test in which ignition was forced and to the NFPA 702 test. Equations for the lines which describe the average performance are given. Fabrics with raised surfaces, such as flannels or corduroys, behave very much like "average" or "normal" fabrics in their burning characteristics. Prolonged ignition in the CS 191 test gives burning times which are slightly higher than those resulting from minimum ignition. Beginning at fabric weights of 6 oz/yd2, there is a tendency for cotton fabrics to burn on the upper surface only, the tendency increasing with fabric weight. The relationship of burn time to weight of cotton fabrics in the CS 191 test is parabolic because of the relatively long burn-through time. The data from the NFPA 702 test yield a straight line for all fabrics. With the exception of wool, most conventional apparel fabrics burn very much like cotton, and all fabrics exhibit weight-to-burning time ratios which are similar.


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