Autopsies in 1700s provided early evidence against the four humors

Lawrence, Leah
March 2008
Endocrine Today;3/10/2008, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p28
The article explores the contributions of autopsies. It notes that the book "The Seats and Causes of Disease Investigated by Anatomy" by Giovanni Morgagni in 1971 provided evidence that illness had nothing to do with the four humors or spirits. The autopsy has become widespread with standardized methods and office provisions for coroners and medical examiners during the 1800s. In modern times, autopsies are seldom performed due to family resistance, cost, and reliability of diagnostic tools. INSET: The dead shall teach the living.


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