TITLE

Gardino konvokacija: Lietuvos iždo ir valstybės gelbėjimas

AUTHOR(S)
Tyla, Antanas
PUB. DATE
March 2008
SOURCE
Lituanistica;Mar2008, Issue 73, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article deals with the political and financial situation of the Great Duchy of Lithuania (GDL) in 1664-1666 and more precisely with the genesis of the Grodno Convocation of Gardinas (July 3-21, 1665 ) and significance of its resolutions. Two subsequent (1664-1665) Sejms (Parliament) of the Lithuanian and Polish Commonwealth were made to stop functioning and could not adopt any resolutions significant for the state. At the time the GDL was still at war with Russia, aiming to libearte the occupied eastern regions of the GDL. At the same time the armistice negotiations were conducted. Financial resources were necessary for the state's defence, employing the army and holding negotiations with Russia. The non-functioning Sejm had not assigned necessary funds for the purpose, and the state treasury was empty. At the request of Lithuania's politicians, the King granted permission to call the Convocation in Grodno. It was a special Seim of GDL. The Convocation had to pass resolutions on the subject of raising funds and solving the above-mentioned problems. Author analyses the instruction by the King and the rescript of the GDL land theasurer to the powiat, and resolutions of the Convocation. The analysis revealed concrete results of the Convocation and showed which region contributed to the treasury substantially and which did not raise funds owing to the war and Russian occupation. As a result, the GDL treasury received 757 thousand ducats. The "padūmė" ("smoke tax") income into the treasury was most essential. The funds were used to cover army expenses, to pay officials and diplomats. Two more Sejms were made to stop functioning, so the income coming as a result of the resolution carried out by the Grodno Convocation was very important for the defence of the GDL.
ACCESSION #
31689807

 

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