Optimizing the ionization and energy absorption of laser-irradiated clusters

Kundu, M.; Bauer, D.
March 2008
Physics of Plasmas;Mar2008, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p033303
Academic Journal
It is known that rare-gas or metal clusters absorb incident laser energy very efficiently. However, due to the intricate dependencies on all the laser and cluster parameters, it is difficult to predict under which circumstances ionization and energy absorption are optimal. With the help of three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of xenon clusters (up to 17256 atoms), it is shown that for a given laser pulse energy and cluster, an optimum wavelength exists that corresponds to the approximate wavelength of the transient, linear Mie-resonance of the ionizing cluster at an early stage of negligible expansion. In a single ultrashort laser pulse, the linear resonance at this optimum wavelength yields much higher absorption efficiency than in the conventional, dual-pulse pump-probe setup of linear resonance during cluster expansion.


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