TITLE

Comparison of methods with respect to efficiencies, recoveries, and quantitation of mercury species interconversions in food demonstrated using tuna fish

AUTHOR(S)
Reyes, Laura H.; Rahman, G. M. Mizanur; Fahrenholz, Timothy; Kingston, H. M. Skip
PUB. DATE
April 2008
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Apr2008, Vol. 390 Issue 8, p2123
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Eight different analytical extraction procedures commonly used to extract mercury species from biological samples were evaluated by analyzing Tuna Fish Tissue Certified Reference Material (ERM-CE464) certified for the content of total mercury and methylmercury. Speciated isotope dilution mass spectrometry (SIDMS; US Environmental Protection Agency’s method 6800) was utilized to evaluate and effectively compensate for potential errors during measurement and accurately quantify mercury species using all the extraction methods. SIDMS was used to accurately evaluate species transformations during sample pretreatment, preparation and analysis protocols. The extraction methods tested in this paper were based on alkaline extraction with KOH or tetramethylammonium hydroxide; acid leaching with HCl, HNO3 or CH3COOH; extraction with l-cysteine hydrochloride; and enzymatic digestion with protease XIV. Detection of total mercury and mercury species from all extraction methods was carried out by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography–ICP-MS, respectively. Microwave-assisted extraction and ultrasound-assisted extraction were found to be the most efficient alkaline digestion protocols that caused the lowest levels of transformation of mercury species (6% or less). Extraction with 5 M HCl or enzymatic digestion with protease resulted in the second-highest extraction efficiency, with relatively lower transformation of methylmercury to inorganic mercury (3 and 1.4%, respectively). Despite frequent use of acid leaching for the extraction of mercury species from tuna fish samples, the lowest extraction efficiencies and the highest mercury species transformation were obtained when microwave-assisted extraction with 4 M HNO3 or CH3COOH was used. Transformations as high as 30% were found using some literature protocols; however, all the extractions tested produced accurate quantitation when corrected in accordance with the SIDMS method standardized in the US Environmental Protection Agency’s method 6800. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
ACCESSION #
31520539

 

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