TITLE

Stigma in the Time of Influenza: Social and Institutional Responses to Pandemic Emergencies

AUTHOR(S)
Barrett, Ron; Brown, Peter J.
PUB. DATE
February 2008
SOURCE
Journal of Infectious Diseases;2/15/2008 Supplement, Vol. 197, pS34
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article examines the role of stigma in social and institutional responses to infectious disease emergencies, to better understand and minimize these dynamics in the event of a pandemic of virulent influenza. In addition to their impact on human suffering, fear and stigma can seriously delay detection and treatment efforts, cooperation with contact tracing and isolation measures, and the effective distribution of resources for the prevention and control of infectious diseases. These dynamics are illustrated by the Indian plague epidemic of 1994, which occurred in a region where H5N1 influenza has been detected recently. Public fear and stigma also played a significant role in the social and institutional responses to the 1918 influenza pandemic. These historical models provide important lessons for pandemic preparedness and global health policy.
ACCESSION #
31518656

 

Related Articles

  • Estimates of the Transmissibility of the 1968 (Hong Kong) Influenza Pandemic: Evidence of Increased Transmissibility Between Successive Waves. Jackson, Charlotte; Vynnycky, Emilia; Mangtani, Punam // American Journal of Epidemiology;Feb2010, Vol. 171 Issue 4, p465 

    The transmissibility of the strain of influenza virus which caused the 1968 influenza pandemic is poorly understood. Increases in outbreak size between the first and second waves suggest that it may even have increased between successive waves. The authors estimated basic and effective...

  • WILL A PANDEMIC BRING DOWN CIVILISATION? MacKenzie, Debora // Rachel's Democracy & Health News;6/19/2008, Issue 964, p1 

    The article explains the interconnectedness of the impact of pandemics. Researchers believed that society is becoming more vulnerable to the point of collapsing at a pandemic outbreak. Moreover, disturbances caused by a devastating plague cascades rapidly through many sectors. A worst-case...

  • Antiviral prophylaxis during pandemic influenza may increase drug resistance. Eichner, Martin; Schwehm, Markus; Duerr, Hans-Peter; Witschi, Mark; Koch, Daniel; Brockmann, Stefan O.; Vidondo, Beatriz // BMC Infectious Diseases;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, Special section p1 

    Background: Neuraminidase inhibitors (NI) and social distancing play a major role in plans to mitigate future influenza pandemics. Methods: Using the freely available program InfluSim, the authors examine to what extent NI-treatment and prophylaxis promote the occurrence and transmission of a NI...

  • Antiviral resistance during pandemic influenza: implications for stockpiling and drug use. Arino, Julien; Bowman, Christopher S.; Moghadas, Seyed M. // BMC Infectious Diseases;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, Special section p1 

    Background: The anticipated extent of antiviral use during an influenza pandemic can have adverse consequences for the development of drug resistance and rationing of limited stockpiles. The strategic use of drugs is therefore a major public health concern in planning for effective pandemic...

  • A Metagenomic Analysis of Pandemic Influenza A (2009 H1N1) Infection in Patients from North America. Greninger, Alexander L.; Chen, Eunice C.; Sittler, Taylor; Scheinerman, Alex; Roubinian, Nareg; Guixia Yu; Kim, Edward; Pillai, Dylan R.; Guyard, Cyril; Mazzulli, Tony; Isa, Pavel; Arias, Carlos F.; Hackett Jr., John; Schochetman, Gerald; Miller, Steve; Tang, Patrick; Chiu, Charles Y. // PLoS ONE;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 10, p1 

    Although metagenomics has been previously employed for pathogen discovery, its cost and complexity have prevented its use as a practical front-line diagnostic for unknown infectious diseases. Here we demonstrate the utility of two metagenomics-based strategies, a pan-viral microarray (Virochip)...

  • Pandemic Influenza's 500th Anniversary. Morens, David M.; Taubenberger, Jeffery K.; Folkers, Gregory K.; Fauci, Anthony S. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;12/15/2010, Vol. 51 Issue 12, p1442 

    It is impossible to know with certainty the first time that an influenza virus infected humans or when the first influenza pandemic occurred. However, many historians agree that the year 1510 A.D.-500 years ago-marks the first recognition of pandemic influenza. On this significant anniversary it...

  • Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1): Pathways of Exposure at the Animal-Human Interface, a Systematic Review. Van Kerkhove, Maria D.; Mumford, Elizabeth; Mounts, Anthony W.; Bresee, Joseph; Ly, Sowath; Bridges, Carolyn B.; Otte, Joachim // PLoS ONE;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: The threat posed by highly pathogenic avian influenza A H5N1 viruses to humans remains significant, given the continued occurrence of sporadic human cases (499 human cases in 15 countries) with a high case fatality rate (approximately 60%), the endemicity in poultry populations in...

  • A Little Bird Named Enza.  // Journal: American Water Works Association;Nov2006, Vol. 98 Issue 11, p6 

    The article discusses the implications of H5N1 virus on the H1N1 strain virus that caused the Spanish flu. Spanish flu, despite its name, the disease did not originate in Spain that killed 8 million people during World War 1. In 1957-58, Asian flu had caused lives in the U.S. that reached to...

  • Influenza in the world: September 2006 -- August 2007.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;10/12/2007, Vol. 82 Issue 41, p358 

    The article offers information on the level of influenza activity across the globe between September 2006 and August 2007. In North America, influenza activity began in November and increased in December, while in Asia and Europe, activity began in December 2006 and increased in January. Overall...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics