Influence of Fall and Early Spring Herbicide Applications on Winter and Summer Annual Weed Populations in No-Till Corn

Monnig, Nicholas; Bradley, Kevin W.
January 2008
Weed Technology;Jan-Mar2008, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p42
Academic Journal
Field experiments were conducted in Missouri in 2004 through 2006 to compare the efficacy of fall and spring herbicide treatments for control of winter and summer annual weeds in no-tillage corn. Applications in the fall and 45 d before planting (45 PP) of 2,4-D and simazine; rimsulfuron, thifensulfuron, and 2,4-D; or glyphosate and 2,4-D controlled at least 90% of all winter annual weeds through 1 wk after corn planting (WAP), with a few exceptions. Applications made 30 d before planting (30 PP) of 2,4-D and glyphosate or rimsulfuron, thifensulfuron, and 2,4-D provided greater than 90% control of most winter annual weeds 1 WAP. Winter annual weed control was reduced with herbicide treatments applied 7 d before planting (7 PP), compared with earlier application timings. Summer annual weed control 5 WAP increased as the time between application and planting decreased. Fall applications resulted in greater weed biomass 5 WAP, compared with spring applications.


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