Microchannel chips for the multiplexed analysis of human immunoglobulin G—antibody interactions by surface plasmon resonance imaging

Yi Dong; Wilkop, Thomas; Danke Xu; Zhuangzhi Wang; Quan Cheng
March 2008
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Mar2008, Vol. 390 Issue 6, p1575
Academic Journal
We report the multiplexed, simultaneous analysis of antigen–antibody interactions that involve human immunoglobulin G (IgG) on a gold substrate by the surface plasmon resonance imaging method. A multichannel, microfluidic chip was fabricated from poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) to selectively functionalize the surface and deliver the analyte solutions. The sensing interface was constructed using avidin as a linker layer between the surface-bound biotinylated bovine serum albumin and biotinylated anti-human IgG antibodies. Four mouse anti-human IgG antibodies were selected for evaluation and the screening was achieved by simultaneously monitoring protein–protein interactions under identical conditions. Antibody–antigen binding affinities towards human immunoglobulin were quantitatively compared by employing Langmuir adsorption isotherms for the analysis of SPRi responses obtained under equilibrium conditions. We were able to identify two IgG samples with higher affinities towards the target, and the determined binding kinetics falls within the typical range of values reported in the literature. Direct measurement of proteins in serum samples by SPR imaging was achieved by developing methods to minimize nonspecific adsorption onto the avidin-functionalized surface, and a limit of detection (LOD) of 6.7 nM IgG was obtained for the treated serum samples. The combination of SPR imaging and multichannel PDMS chips offers convenience and flexibility for sensitive and label-free measurement of protein–protein interactions in complex conditions and enables high-throughput screening of pharmaceutically significant molecules. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


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