Low medically certified sickness absence among employees improvement: the Whitehall II study

Kivimäki, M.; Ferrie, J. E.; Shipley, M. J.; Vahtera, J.; Singh-Manoux, A.; Marmot, M. G.; Head, J.
March 2008
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Mar2008, Vol. 65 Issue 3, p208
Academic Journal
Background: High sickness absence is associated with poor health status, but it is not known whether low levels of sickness absence among people with poor health predict future health improvement. Objective: To examine the association between medically certified sickness absence and subsequent change in health among initially unhealthy employees. Methods: 5210 employees (3762 men, 1448 women) whose self-rated health status remained stable )either good or poor) between data phases 1 and 2 were divided into three groups according to their rate of medically certified absences during this period (0 vs >0-5 vs >5 absence spells longer than 7 days per 10 person-years). Subsequent change in health status was determined by self-rated health at follow-up (phase 3). Results: After adjustment for age and sex, there was a strong contemporaneous association between lower sickness absence and better health status. Among participants reporting poor health, low absence was associated with subsequent improvement in health status (odds ratio 2.66, 95% Cl 1.78 to 4.02 for no absence vs >5 certified spells per 10 years). This association was only partially explained by known existing morbidity, socioeconomic position and risk factors. Conclusions: Low levels of medically certified sickness absence seem to be associated with positive change in health status among employees in poor health. Further research is needed to examine whether lower sickness absence also marks a more favourable prognosis for specific diseases.


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