TITLE

The energetics of nut consumption

AUTHOR(S)
Mattes, Richard D.
PUB. DATE
March 2008
SOURCE
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;2008 Supplement 1, Vol. 17, p337
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Nuts are a nutrient-rich food group. Depending on the type, they may provide substantive concentrations of Vitamin E, magnesium, folate, essential fatty acids, fiber and protein to the diet. They also contain potentially important phytochemicals. By mechanisms yet to be identified, they are reported to improve postprandial lipid profiles and may hold other health benefits. However, they are also energy dense so a theoretical contributor to positive energy balance and weight gain. However, epidemiological studies have consistently revealed an inverse association between the frequency of nut consumption and BMI. Further, intervention trials demonstrate less than predicted weight gain following inclusion of nuts in the diet. The mechanisms for these observations are currently under study. Candidates include strong satiety effects, promotion of energy expenditure and/or inefficient energy utilization. Recent trials have revealed support for each. Inclusion of nuts in the diet results in strong satiety effects as revealed by robust compensatory dietary responses that offset approximately 65-75% of the energy they provide. Several trials note increased energy expenditure that may account for an additional 10% of their energy yield. Limited bioaccessibility results in a loss of 5-15% of energy. Taken together, these findings largely account for the energy provided by nuts and explain the epidemiological and clinical observations. Thus, current knowledge suggests moderate nut consumption does not pose a threat for weight gain.
ACCESSION #
31268842

 

Related Articles

  • Don't Overlook the Underweight. Berger, Christopher George // IDEA Fitness Journal;Oct2008, Vol. 5 Issue 9, p73 

    This article outlines some important principles of weight management often overlooked by personal trainers and group fitness instructors. It emphasizes the importance of listening to the goals of any client hoping to gain body mass. Particular focus is given to the difference between the terms...

  • Quantification of the energy gap in young overweight children. The PIAMA birth cohort study. van den Berg, Saskia W.; Boer, Jolanda M. A.; Scholtens, Salome; de Jongste, Johan C.; Brunekreef, Bert; Smit, Henriette A.; Wijga, Alet H. // BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p326 

    Background: Overweight develops gradually as a result of a long term surplus on the balance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Aim of this study was to quantify the positive energy balance responsible for excess body weight gain (energy gap) in young overweight children. Methods:...

  • The high-fat phenotype: Is leptin involved in the adaptive response to a high fat (high energy) diet? Cooling, J.; Barth, J.; Blundell, J. // International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders;Nov1998, Vol. 22 Issue 11, p1132 

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate physiological differences which could influence the balance between energy expenditure and energy intake, between habitual high-fat (HF) and low-fat (LF) consumers and the potential for weight gain. SUBJECTS: Ten HF and nine LF consumers, all young, lean males (% energy...

  • Infants' rapid weight gain risks adult obesity. Burke, Michael G. // Contemporary Pediatrics;Aug2003, Vol. 20 Issue 8, p121 

    Discusses research being done on the association of rapid weight gain of African American infants with the risk of obesity. Reference to a study by N. Settler et al published in a 2003 issue of the "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition"; Number of infants involved in the study; Definition of...

  • EN's Editor Reports on Cutting-Edge Cancer Research Findings.  // Environmental Nutrition;Sep2004, Vol. 27 Issue 9, p3 

    The article focuses on the cancer research findings. Being physically active may be more important than body weight or body fat to the risk of breast cancer said researchers. Failure to limit adult weight gain may account for up to one-third of all breast cancers according to researchers, weight...

  • Tracking Weight Gain in Type 2s on Actos.  // Diabetes Health;Sep2004, Vol. 13 Issue 9, p52 

    Deals with a study which tracked the weight gain of type 2 diabetic patients who take the thiazolidinedione Actos, conducted by physicians Dana Armstrong and Allen King. Weight gain posted by patients during particular periods; Views of the physicians on the timing and degree of the weight gains.

  • A Comparative Evaluation of Whey Hydrolysate and Whey-Predominant Formulas. Hauser, Bruno; Keymolen, Kathelijn; Blecker, Uwe; Suys, Bert; Bougatef, Adel; Loeb, Helmuth; Vandenplas, Yvan // Clinical Pediatrics;Jul1993, Vol. 32 Issue 7, p433 

    Whey hydrolysate formulas are a recent and important innovation in infant feeding. This study compared clinical tolerance and acceptability of a whey hydrolysate formula (WH) with those of a whey-predominant formula (WF) in 45 infants. Four infants (16%) who refused to drink WI-i formula were...

  • Five Ways to Limit Offseason Weight Cain. Fitzgerald, Matt // USA Triathlon Magazine;Fall2011, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p74 

    The article offers information on various ways for triathletes to prevent excessive weight gain offseason. It suggests triathletes to set a maximum weight-gain limit, develop functional strength by gaining muscle mass, which reduces fat accumulation, and reduce carbohydrate intake and increase...

  • Maternal diet in early and late pregnancy in relation to weight gain. Olafsdottir, A. S.; Skuladottir, G. V.; Thorsdottir, I.; Hauksson, A.; Steingrimsdottir, L. // International Journal of Obesity;Mar2006, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p492 

    Objective:To identify dietary factors related to the risk of gaining weight outside recommendations for pregnancy weight gain and birth outcome.Design:An observational study with free-living conditions.Subjects:Four hundred and ninety five healthy pregnant Icelandic women.Methods:The dietary...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics