Multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity, and transdisciplinarity in health research, services, education and policy: 3. Discipline, inter-discipline distance, and selection of discipline

Choi, Bernard C. K.; Pak, Anita W. P.
February 2008
Clinical & Investigative Medicine;Feb2008, Vol. 31 Issue 1, pE41
Academic Journal
Background/Purpose. Multiple disciplinary efforts are increasingly encouraged in health research, services, education and policy. This paper is the third in a series. The first discussed the definitions, objectives, and evidence of effectiveness of multiple disciplinary teamwork. The second examined the promoters, barriers, and ways to enhance such teamwork. This paper addresses the questions of discipline, inter-discipline distance, and where to look for multiple disciplinary collaboration. Methods. This paper proposes a conceptual framework of the knowledge universe, based on a review of a number of key papers on the Global Brain. These key papers were identified during a literature review on multiple disciplinary teamwork, using Google and MEDLINE (1982-2007) searches. Results. A discipline is held together by a shared epistemology. In general, disciplines that are more disparate from one another epistemologically are more likely to achieve new insight for a complex problem. The proposed conceptual framework of the knowledge universe consists of several knowledge subsystems, each containing a number of disciplines. The inter-discipline distance can guide us to select appropriate disciplines for a multiple disciplinary team. Conclusion. If multiple disciplinarity is called for, the proposed view of the knowledge universe as a series of knowledge subsystems and disciplines, and the place of health sciences in the knowledge universe, will help researchers, practitioners, and policy makers to identify disciplines for multiple disciplinary efforts.


Related Articles

  • Medical Humanities Do Not Humanize Doctors: The Trouble with Trying to Soften Hard Science. Metzl, Jonathan M. // PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America;May2009, Vol. 124 Issue 3, p951 

    The article discusses connections between humanities research and scientific research, with particular focus given to the medical humanities. The idea that study of the humanities alters identity and serves to help scientists and doctors become more sensitive is explored. The relationship...

  • Why Have Academic Medical Centers Survived? Moses, Hamilton; Thier, Samuel O.; Matheson, David H. M. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;3/23/2005, Vol. 293 Issue 12, p1495 

    Over the past decade, many observers predicted the demise of the academic medical center (AMC) due to competition from community hospitals and physicians, fragile finances, inefficiency, and organizational complexity. In 2004, we interviewed 23 AMC and community hospital administrators to...

  • Interdisciplinary Practice: Mission Impossible or Nirvana? Herrier, Richard // Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA;Nov/Dec2004, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p651 

    Focuses on the benefits of interprofessional practice in the improvement of health care delivery in the U.S. Challenges facing pharmacists on their involvement in interprofessional team activities; Difference of pharmacy education from that of physicians and nurses; Variation in opportunities...

  • Commentary: Trials should inform structures and processes needed for tailoring interventions. Macq, Jean // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);3/19/2005, Vol. 330 Issue 7492, p665 

    Comments on health planning for patients with multiple service needs. Critique of the SA HealthPlus trial, which focused on creating a coordinated health care model for Australia; Report that the SA HealthPlus model did not reduce costs, but succeeded in improving health outcomes; Impact of the...

  • Analysis of the perception of institutional function for health sector reform in Nigeria Olukoga, A.; Bachmann, M.; Harris, G.; Olukoga, T.; Oluwadiya, K. // International Health (1876-3413);Jun2010, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p150 

    Summary: Institutional function reflects the institution''s understanding of the world around it, its ability to locate itself within that world and to make decisions in relation to it. Three dimensions of institutional function were identified as management, environmental mastery and service...

  • Health Research Profile to assess the capacity of low and middle income countries for equity-oriented research. Tugwell, P.; Sitthi-Amorn, C.; Hatcher-Roberts, J.; Neufeld, V.; Makara, P.; Munoz, F.; Czerny, P.; Robinson, V.; Nuyens, Y.; Okello, D. // BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p151 

    Background: The Commission on Health Research for Development concluded that "for the most vulnerable people, the benefits of research offer a potential for change that has gone largely untapped." This project was designed to assess low and middle income country capacity and commitment for...

  • Coordinating Canada's Research Response to Global Health Challenges. Di Ruggiero, Erica; Zarowsky, Christina; Frank, John; Mhatre, Sharmila; Aslanyan, Garry; Perry, Alita; Previsich, Nick // Canadian Journal of Public Health;Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 97 Issue 1, p29 

    The Global Health Research Initiative (GHRI) involving the Canadian International Development Agency, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Health Canada and the International Development Research Centre seeks to coordinate Canada's research response to global health challenges. In light...

  • Managing common mental health disorders in primary care: conceptual models and evidence base. Bower, Peter; Gilbody, Simon // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);4/9/2005, Vol. 330 Issue 7495, p839 

    Examines the application of clinical research findings to model of treatment for mental health disorders. Importance of the primary care physician to the diagnosis of mental health disorders; Discussion of several goals for mental health treatment in primary care, including improvement of...

  • INTERDISCIPLINARILY SPEAKING. Bowen, Angela // Feminist Teacher;2002, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1 

    Discusses issues of interdisciplinarity in women studies. Efforts to change the forms of disciplinary and intradisciplinary balkanization; Diversity in the production and regulation of marked subjects; Entrance of women into the academic setting.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics