TITLE

The soil seed bank of the threatened plant Magnolia stellata is subordinate to the emergence of current-year seedlings

AUTHOR(S)
Kisanuki, Hiromitsu; Oguro, Hisae; Nakai, Arisa; Setsuko, Suzuki; Nishimura, Naoyuki; Tomaru, Nobuhiro
PUB. DATE
April 2008
SOURCE
Journal of Forest Research;Apr2008, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p143
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We studied seed bank formation of the threatened star magnolia, Magnolia stellata, to examine the early stage of regeneration. Forty-five seedling plots (2 × 2 m), each including a soil-sampling quadrat (40 × 40 cm), were established randomly under or around the crowns of mature M. stellata trees. Seeds of M. stellata were collected from each quadrat to a depth of 5 cm. Only four seeds of M. stellata were found (0.56 seeds/m2) and all were located under mature crowns. Current-year seedlings were abundant in water channels, on moss, or under mature crowns, suggesting that the seeds may require wet soil conditions for germination. Magnolia stellata seeds show considerable germination below the crowns of mature trees in the year following masting, while some seeds remain dormant in the soil. Considering the soil seed bank and the current-year seedling bank of M. stellata, a frequent supply of seed is essential for the regeneration of this species. Thus, it is important to maintain mature trees in addition to promoting seed production.
ACCESSION #
31141781

 

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