Sassaman, Kenneth E.; Randall, Asa R.
December 2007
Southeastern Archaeology;Winter2007, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p196
Academic Journal
In the early twentieth century, the late William H. Claflin Jr. of Belmont, Massachusetts, made regular forays to the middle Savannah River Valley of Georgia and South Carolina to collect artifacts from the area and occasionally dig at sites such as Stallings Island. Most of his artifact collection is now curated at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. Among the relatively well provenienced items are 140 bannerstones from several locations in the middle Savannah. Informed by current archaeological knowledge of the region, the Claflin bannerstones register the history of group formation, interaction, and alliance over a span of ca. 1,300 years (5500-4200 cal. B.P.). During this time, three successive phases are marked bid changes in bannerstone morphology, production, and distribution. Transitions between phases coincide with major changes in the distribution and alignment of regional populations. Summaries of the chief features of each phase are followed by observations on the historical circumstances accounting for such change.


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