Liver Resection for Colorectal Cancer: Liver Metastases in the Aged

Brand, Marc I.; Saclarides, Theodore J.; Dobson, H. Drexel; Millikan, Keith W.
April 2000
American Surgeon;Apr2000, Vol. 66 Issue 4, p412
Academic Journal
The purpose of this study was to determine the morbidity and mortality in elderly patients undergoing liver resections for metastatic colon cancer and compare them with those of a control group of younger patients. The charts of all patients undergoing liver resection for colon cancer were retrospectively reviewed. Patients less than 70 years of age (Group A) were compared with patients 70 years of age or older (Group B). Between 1971 and 1995, 167 liver resections were performed for metastatic colorectal cancer. Of these, 41 patients were in Group A and 126 patients were in Group B. The mean age of Group A was 74.5 years, and that of Group B was 57 years. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification was similar for both groups (Groups A and B were 75.6% and 81.1% ASA class II, respectively). Anatomic resections were performed in 49 per cent and wedge resections in 51 per cent of patients in Group A, and 68 and 32 per cent in Group B, respectively. Estimated blood loss was slightly less for Group A (1575 vs 1973 cm[sup 3]), as was operative time (4.0 vs 4.7 hours). In-hospital mortality rate was 7.3 per cent for Group A and 2.4 per cent for Group B. The major morbidity rates were 29 and 17.5 per cent, respectively. Intensive care unit care was necessary in 73 per cent (mean length of stay 3.9 days) for Group A and 62.6 per cent (mean length of stay 2.0 days) for Group B. The average length of hospitalization was 13.1 days for Group A and 16.6 days for Group B. The recurrence rates were similar for the two groups [56% (Group A) vs 66% (Group B)], but mean survival was longer for younger patients (22.9 vs 33.5 months). We conclude that liver resection for colorectal cancer liver metastases in properly selected patients older than 70 years of age can be performed with acceptable morbidity and mortality rates. The long-term survival for older patients is less than that for younger patients, but is still a significant length of time. Therefore, we concl...


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