The Role of Hepatic Resection in the Management of Bile Duct Injuries Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Lichtenstein, Sonja; Moorman, Donald W.; Malatesta, Jeannie Q.; Martin, Maureen F.
April 2000
American Surgeon;Apr2000, Vol. 66 Issue 4, p372
Academic Journal
The creation of a specialized hepatobiliary surgery unit at our medical center has resulted in referral of 16 patients with bile duct complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy over the last 18 months. No patient required conversion to open cholecystectomy. Although no injury was recognized at the time of surgery, 15 of 16 patients became symptomatic within the first 30 days. Two patients died from sepsis and multisystem organ failure after protracted hospital courses. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and/or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography determined diagnosis and level of injury. Six of seven patients with cystic duct leak underwent successful endoscopic stent placement and one patient sealed spontaneously after percutaneous drainage of a large biloma. Nine patients required surgery that included hepaticojejunostomy (five), T-tube insertion and drainage of abscess (two), or segmental hepatic resection (two). Timely recognition of bile duct complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy is critical to a successful long-term outcome. Although the majority of cystic duct leaks can be managed with endoscopic stenting, patients with ductal injuries require hepaticojejunostomy. Segmental liver resection may serve an important role in the management of carefully selected patients with high intrahepatic injuries to avoid long-term transhepatic stenting and complications such as episodic cholangitis and late stricture formation.


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