Actualidades en la cirugía de reconstrucción articular de rodilla

Zepeda, José Manuel Aguilera; Sevilla, Gerardo Gutiérrez; Domenech, Javier Pérez
November 2007
Reumatologia Clinica;Supplement 3-Oct, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p54
Academic Journal
Alterations in the mechanical axis, complications of traumatic injuries and osteoarthritis are the leading causes for surgical reconstruction of the knee. According to the degree of the alteration, different surgical procedures are carried out, among which we find arthroscopy, mechanical axis aligning osteotomy, single compartment prosthesis, or total knee prosthesis. Indications for each one of these procedures depend on the type and degree of lesion. These treatments are not currently considered definitive or curative for osteoarthritis and their aim is mainly to improve the clinical conditions of the patient and to reduce as much as possible the evolution of the joint degenerative process. Even total knee arthroplasty, considered a definitive surgical procedure, is temporary due to its natural tendency to loosen and wear out.


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