A comparison between the effort-reward imbalance and demand control models

Ostry, Aleck S.; Kelly, Shona; Demers, Paul A.; Mustard, Cameron; Hertzman, Clyde
January 2003
BMC Public Health;2003, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p10
Academic Journal
Background: To compare the predictive validity of the demand/control and reward/imbalance models, alone and in combination with each other, for self-reported health status and the self-reported presence of any chronic disease condition. Methods: Self-reports for psychosocial work conditions were obtained in a sample of sawmill workers using the demand/control and effort/reward imbalance models. The relative predictive validity of task-level control was compared with effort/reward imbalance. As well, the predictive validity of a model developed by combining task-level control with effort/reward imbalance was determined. Logistic regression was utilized for all models. Results: The demand/control and effort/reward imbalance models independently predicted poor self-reported health status. The effort-reward imbalance model predicted the presence of a chronic disease while the demand/control model did not. A model combining effort-reward imbalance and task-level control was a better predictor of self-reported health status and any chronic condition than either model alone. Effort reward imbalance modeled with intrinsic effort had marginally better predictive validity than when modeled with extrinsic effort only. Conclusions: Future work should explore the combined effects of these two models of psychosocial stress at work on health more thoroughly.


Related Articles

  • Symptoms and Pulmonary Function in Western Red Cedar Workers Related to Duration of Employment and Dust Exposure. Vedal, Sverre; Chan-Yeung, Moira; Enarson, Donald; Fera, Tharwat; Maclean, Lonia; Tse, Kam S.; Langille, Ronald // Archives of Environmental Health;May/Jun86, Vol. 41 Issue 3 

    Investigates the total dust concentrations in a western red cedar sawmill. Number of employees; Rate of employees with asthma; Symptoms of work-related asthma in sawmill workers.

  • Noise exposure and serious injury to active sawmill workers in British Columbia. Kling, Rakel N.; Demers, Paul A.; Alamgir, Hasanat; Davies, Hugh W. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Mar2012, Vol. 69 Issue 3, p211 

    Background Occupational noise might increase the risk of workplace injury through a variety of mechanisms, including interference with communication and increased stress. Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of chronic noise exposure on serious workplace injury, and how...

  • Influence of Self-Reported Chronic Rhinosinusitis on Health-Related Quality of Life: A Population-Based Survey. Fu, Qing-Ling; Ma, Jin-Xiang; Ou, Chun-Quan; Guo, Cui; Shen, Shuang-Quan; Xu, Geng; Shi, Jianbo // PLoS ONE;May2015, Vol. 10 Issue 5, p1 

    Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a frequently occurring chronic respiratory disease. There is evidence that effective treatment of CRS can improve patients’ quality of life, but the data regarding the extent to which CRS impairs patients’ quality of life (QoL) is sparse. This study...

  • Productivity in sawmills increases as labor input declines substantially. Duke, John; Huffstutler, Clyde // Monthly Labor Review;Apr77, Vol. 100 Issue 4, p33 

    Reports on increase in output per employee-hour in the sawmill and planing mill industry from 1958 to 1975 in the United States. Relationship between increase in sawmills and labor input; Fluctuation in the industry's productivity in the 1970s; Technological improvements in plant design and...

  • Respiratory Health Impact of Working in Sawmills in Eastern Canada. Cormier, Yvon; Merlaux, Anne; Duchaine, Caroline // Archives of Environmental Health;Nov/Dec2000, Vol. 55 Issue 6, p424 

    ABSTRACT. Air contamination in sawmills can cause respiratory health problems. The authors measured respirable dust, bacteria, endotoxins, and molds collected from 17 sawmills in eastern Canada. A total of 1,205 sawmill workers answered a respiratory-health questionnaire, and they all...

  • The Contribution of Chronic Conditions and Disabilities to Poor Self-Rated Health in Elderly Men. Hoeymans, Nancy; Feskens, Edith J. M. // Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical ;Oct99, Vol. 54 Issue 10, pM501 

    Investigates the contribution of chronic conditions and disabilities to poor self-rated health from the perspectives of the patient and the population in Zutphen, Netherlands. Importance of self-rated health; Health impact of lung and musculoskeletal diseases for evaluation of one's own health;...

  • Chronic health conditions and work ability in the ageing workforce: the impact of work conditions, psychosocial factors and perceived health. Koolhaas, Wendy; Klink, Jac; Boer, Michiel; Groothoff, Johan; Brouwer, Sandra // International Archives of Occupational & Environmental Health;May2014, Vol. 87 Issue 4, p433 

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of work conditions, psychosocial factors and perceived health on the association between the presence of a chronic health condition and (single-item) work ability among workers aged 45 years and older. In addition, we aimed to examine...

  • Lifestyle Behaviors and Self-Rated Health: The Living for Health Program. Zarini, Gustavo G.; Vaccaro, Joan A.; Canossa Terris, Maria A.; Exebio, Joel C.; Tokayer, Laura; Antwi, Janet; Ajabshir, Sahar; Cheema, Amanpreet; Huffman, Fatma G. // Journal of Environmental & Public Health;2014, p1 

    Background. Lack of adherence to dietary and physical activity guidelines has been linked to an increase in chronic diseases in the United States (US).The aim of this study was to assess the association of lifestyle behaviors with self-rated health (SRH). Methods. This cross-sectional study used...

  • HELP AT LAST FOR PCP EXPOSED.  // Inwood;May/Jun2009, Issue 86, p38 

    The article reports that New Zealand's Ministry of Health is considering a support service that can help former sawmill workers whose health have been affected by exposure to pentachlorophenol (PCP). The New Zealand timber industry used PCP for sapstain treatment from 1950 to 1988. Allen &...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics