The study of reproductive outcome and the health of offspring of UK veterans of the Gulf war: methods and description of the study population

Maconochie, Noreen; Doyle, Pat; Davies, Graham; Lewis, Samantha; Pelerin, Margo; Prior, Susan; Sampson, Patrick
January 2003
BMC Public Health;2003, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p4
Academic Journal
Background: The aim of this study is to determine whether Gulf war veterans and their partners are at increased risk of adverse reproductive events and whether their children have increased risk of serious health problems. Methods and response to the study are reported here. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of reproduction among UK Gulf war veterans, with a comparison cohort of Armed Service personnel who were not deployed to the Gulf. Reproductive history and details of children's health was collected by means of a validated postal questionnaire. A separate study of non-responders was conducted. Results: Questionnaires were returned by a total of 25,084 Gulf war veterans (24,379 men) and 19,003 (18,439 men) subjects in the comparison group. After adjusting for undelivered mail the response rate was 53% for Gulf war veterans and 42% for non-Gulf veterans among men, 72% and 60% among women. Data from the non-responder study suggests that failure to respond to the main survey was largely unrelated to reproduction. 11,155 (46%) male Gulf war veterans and 7,769 (42%) male non-Gulf war veterans had conceived, or attempted to conceive, since the Gulf war. They reported 16442 and 11517 pregnancies respectively in that period. For women, 313 (44%) Gulf veterans and 235 (42%) non-Gulf veterans reported 484 and 377 pregnancies respectively conceived since the Gulf war. Conclusions: This survey enabled collection of information on a range of reproductive outcomes from veterans of the Gulf war and a suitably matched comparison cohort. Although the response rate for men was disappointing, selection bias related to reproduction does not appear to be strong in these data.


Related Articles

  • To the Editor:. Korenyi-Both, Andras L. // Military Medicine;Oct2003, Vol. 168 Issue 10, pvi 

    Presents a letter to the editor in response to the article "Chemical Warfare and the Gulf War: A Review of the Impact on Gulf War Veterans' Health," in a 2003 issue of "Military Medicine."

  • To the Editor:. Riddle, James R.; Brown, Mark; Smith, Tyler; Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron; Brix, Kelley Ann; Romano, James // Military Medicine;Oct2003, Vol. 168 Issue 10, pvi 

    Presents a response by James R. Riddle, Mark Brown, Tyler Smith, Elspeth Cameron Ritchie, Kelley Ann Brix and James Romano to a letter to the editor about their article "Chemical Warfare and the Gulf War: A Review of the Impact on Gulf War Veterans' Health," in a 2003 issue of "Military Medicine."

  • Veterans' Day. Grillo, Jerry // Georgia Trend;Jul2003, Vol. 18 Issue 11, p52 

    Ruth Lee has seen the 80-something survivors of the Greatest Generation, tears running down their wrinkled cheeks, staring at the memorial wall, at names of old comrades whose bones lie deep in the ground of foreign lands. So are the names of 3,200 veterans from Effingham County, from the...

  • Health outcomes of veterans of the Persian Gulf War. Andolsek, Kathryn M. // American Family Physician;2/1/1997, Vol. 55 Issue 2, p674 

    Presents summaries of the articles `Mortality among U.S. veterans of the Persian Gulf War,' by H.K. Kang and T.A. Bullman, `The postwar hospitalization experience of U.S. veterans of the Persian Gulf War,' by G.C. Gray, et al and `Disease and suspicion after the Persian Gulf War,' by E.W....

  • Illness tied to a potent `cocktail.' Newman, Richard J.; English, Carey W. // U.S. News & World Report;04/14/97, Vol. 122 Issue 14, p44 

    Focuses on Gulf War syndrome. Research to be presented at a conference of the Experimental Biology Society which may finally help explain some of the symptoms and disabilities claimed by more than 30,000 gulf war veterans; Findings made by Mohamed Abou-Donia regarding insecticides and an...

  • Battle scars take years to surface. Kleiner, Kurt // New Scientist;8/19/95, Vol. 147 Issue 1991, p8 

    Reports the findings of a study by Andy Morgan of the West Haven Veteran's Affairs Medical Center in Connecticut on the symptoms of post-traumatic stress suffered by Gulf war soldiers. Nature of symptoms; Treatment of symptoms.

  • Nerve pill sapped soldiers' defences. Kleiner, Kurt // New Scientist;4/27/96, Vol. 150 Issue 2027, p4 

    Reports that `Gulf War syndrome,' a debilitating collection of ailments afflicting Gulf veterans, may be caused by an exposure to a combination of an anti-nerve gas agent and two pesticides, according to researchers at Duke University and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. ...

  • Britain launches two studies of `Gulf War syndrome' ... O'Brien, Claire // Nature;12/19/1996, Vol. 384 Issue 6610, p604 

    Reports on the decision by Britain's Ministry of Defence (MoD) to conduct two epidemiological studies of illness among Gulf War veterans. The symptoms of `Gulf War syndrome'; Details of how the studies will be conducted.

  • Mixed messages for Gulf War vets.  // U.S. News & World Report;1/20/97, Vol. 122 Issue 2, p11 

    Discusses the finding of a United States presidential panel investigating the so-called gulf-war syndrome. The panel's finding that stress, not chemicals or pollutants, is a likely factor in syndrome's symptoms; Finding of a study in the `Journal of the American Medical Association' (JAMA)...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics