TITLE

Victimization and PTSD-like states in an Icelandic youth probability sample

AUTHOR(S)
Bödvarsdóttir, Íris; Elklit, Ask
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2007, Vol. 7, p51
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Although adolescence in many cases is a period of rebellion and experimentation with new behaviors and roles, the exposure of adolescents to life-threatening and violent events has rarely been investigated in national probability studies using a broad range of events. Methods: In an Icelandic national representative sample of 206 9th-grade students (mean = 14.5 years), the prevalence of 20 potentially traumatic events and negative life events was reported, along with the psychological impact of these events. Results: Seventy-four percent of the girls and 79 percent of the boys were exposed to at least one event. The most common events were the death of a family member, threat of violence, and traffic accidents. The estimated lifetime prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder-like states (PTSD; DSM-IV, APA, 1994 [1]) was 16 percent, whereas another 12 percent reached a sub-clinical level of PTSD-like states (missing the full diagnosis with one symptom). Following exposure, girls suffered from PTSD-like states almost twice as often as boys. Gender, mothers' education, and single-parenthood were associated with specific events. The odds ratios and 95% CI for PTSD-like states given a specific event are reported. Being exposed to multiple potentially traumatic events was associated with an increase in PTSD-like states. Conclusion: The findings indicate substantial mental health problems in adolescents that are associated with various types of potentially traumatic exposure.
ACCESSION #
29962963

 

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