TITLE

Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire data on alcoholic violent offenders: specific connections to severe impulsive cluster B personality disorders and violent criminality

AUTHOR(S)
Tikkanen, Roope; Holi, Matti; Lindberg, Nina; Virkkunen, Matti
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2007, Vol. 7, p36
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The validity of traditional categorical personality disorder diagnoses is currently reevaluated from a continuous perspective, and the evolving DSM-V classification may describe personality disorders dimensionally. The utility of dimensional personality assessment, however, is unclear in violent offenders with severe personality pathology. Methods: The temperament structure of 114 alcoholic violent offenders with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) was compared to 84 offenders without ASPD, and 170 healthy controls. Inclusion occurred during a court-ordered mental examination preceded by homicide, assault, battery, rape or arson. Participants underwent assessment of temperament with the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and were diagnosed with DSM-III-R criteria. Results: The typical temperament profile in violent offender having ASPD comprised high novelty seeking, high harm avoidance, and low reward dependence. A 21% minority scored low in trait harm avoidance. Results, including the polarized harm avoidance dimension, are in accordance with Cloninger's hypothesis of dimensional description of ASPD. The low harm avoidance offenders committed less impulsive violence than high harm avoidance offenders. High harm avoidance was associated with comorbid antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder. Conclusion: Results indicate that the DSM based ASPD diagnosis in alcoholic violent offenders associates with impulsiveness and high novelty seeking but comprises two different types of ASPD associated with distinct second-order traits that possibly explain differences in type of violent criminality. Low harm avoidance offenders have many traits in common with high scorers on the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). Results link high harm avoidance with broad personality pathology and argue for the usefulness of self-report questionnaires in clinical praxis.
ACCESSION #
29962952

 

Related Articles

  • ALCOHOL-RELATED CRIME AND ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR. Marlow, Alan // Community Safety Journal;Jul2005, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p48 

    Presents information on the Alcohol Concern Web site which contains data about alcohol-related crimes and disorders.

  • NEWS AND NOTES: Views.  // British Medical Journal;10/28/1978, Vol. 2 Issue 6146, p1236 

    Reports global developments on medicine as of October 1978. Requirement on paying wife of doctors serving as their own secretaries; Focus on decision of American doctors to cut professional courtesy charge; Studies on genetic relationship of alcoholism and antisocial personality.

  • The 2003 Licensing Act: Alcohol Use and Anti-Social Behaviour in England and Wales. Loveday, Barry // Police Journal;Sep2005, Vol. 78 Issue 3, p191 

    This article considers the potential impact o f the Licensing Act 2003 and the nature of change that may be expected to result from extended opening hours. It looks at recent trends in crime and evidence of the growing significance of alcohol-related offences in England and Wales. It notes that...

  • Cognitive functioning, family history of alcoholism, and antisocial behavior in female polydrug... Rodriguez, Marina // Psychological Reports;Aug93, Vol. 73 Issue 1, p19 

    Studies the independent and synergic relationships of family history of alcoholism and antisocial behavior with abstract verbal reasoning. Findings suggesting that the observed lower cognitive performance may reflect the family history of alcoholism or antisocial behavior; Theories predicting a...

  • Criminology. Morales, Ruben A. // Federal Probation;Dec2000, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p83 

    Analyzes the hypothesis on antisocial behavior. Comparison between this hypothesis and traditional schools of thought regarding delinquency and antisocial behavior; Derivation of the contagion hypothesis from developmental theory; Discussion on the interdiction strategy and its effectiveness.

  • Out of order. Allen, Graham // Public Finance;8/1/2003, p17 

    Suggests that antisocial behavior drains the resources of a range of public services in Great Britain. Scope of the Crime and Disorder Act 1988, established to deal with antisocial behavior and its effects; Enforcement of the law by local authorities and the police; Civil and criminal...

  • Anti-crime solutions slated as 'gimmicks'. Conrad, Mark // Public Finance;7/23/2004, p8 

    Criticizes the five-year plan of the British government to slash crime rates. Details on the anti-social behavior program of the Local Government Association; Empowerment of the public to call on councils and police forces to deal with offenders.

  • Interaction between a functional MAOA locus and childhood sexual abuse predicts alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder in adult women. Ducci, F.; Enoch, M.-A.; Hodgkinson, C.; Xu, K.; Catena, M.; Robin, R. W.; Goldman, D. // Molecular Psychiatry;Mar2008, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p334 

    Women who have experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have an increased risk of alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Among male subjects, a functional polymorphism (MAOA-LPR, monoamine oxidase A linked polymorphic region) in the promoter region of the monoamine oxidase A gene...

  • Association of personality disorders with Type A and Type B alcoholics. Bottlender, Miriam; Preuss, Ulrich W.; Soyka, Michael // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;2006, Vol. 256 Issue 1, p55 

    Personality disorders frequently occur as comorbid disorder in alcohol�dependent subjects. Antisocial personality was described as an important characteristic in Cloninger's Type 2 and Babor's Type B subjects. The impact of other personality disorders on these alcoholism typologies, their...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics