Trends of Public Knowledge and Attitudes Related to HIV/AIDS in Indiana

Torabi,, Mohammad R.; Jeng,, Ifeng
September 1999
American Journal of Health Studies;1999, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p203
Academic Journal
Abstract: HIV/AIDS has remained one of the major public problems that threaten human lives. Despite medical progress, prevention is the only viable option at this time. The purpose of this study was to investigate the status and trends of public knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding HIV/AIDS prevention in the State of Indiana. Random samples constituting 832 households in 1996 and 521 households in 1998 were telephone interviewed regarding their demographic background, HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and practices. The results showed that knowledge scores of the Indiana residents declined from 1995 to 1998. However, the Indiana residents in the 1998 study believed they knew more about AIDS. Also, significantly more Indiana residents in 1998 doubted the AIDS information and advice given by federal public health officials. It was recommended that federal government agencies improve their public image. Additionally, public educational campaigns should focus on clarifying misunderstandings and misconceptions about HIV/AIDS prevention. The trends of public knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to HIV/AIDS in Indiana should be continuously monitored. Lastly, mass media should examine their coverage on HIV/AIDS issues.


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