Heartburn Is More Likely to Recur after Toupet Fundoplication than Nissen Fundoplication

Farrell, Timothy M.; Archer, Stephen B.; Galloway, Kathy D.; Branum, Gene D.; Smith, C. Daniel; Hunter, John G.
March 2000
American Surgeon;Mar2000, Vol. 66 Issue 3, p229
Academic Journal
Toupet (270 Degrees) fundoplication is commonly recommended for patients with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and esophageal dysmotility. However, Toupet fundoplication may be less effective at protecting against reflux than Nissen (360 Degrees) fundoplication. We therefore compared the effectiveness and durability of both types of fundoplication as a function of preoperative esophageal motility. From January 1992 through January 1998, 669 patients with GER underwent laparoscopic fundoplication (78 Toupet, 591 Nissen). Patients scored heartburn, regurgitation, and dysphagia preoperatively, and at 6 weeks and 1 year postoperatively, using a 0 ("none") to 3 ("severe") scale. We compared symptom scores (Wilcoxon rank sum test) and redo fundoplication rates (Fisher exact test) in Toupet and Nissen patients. We also performed subgroup analyses on 81 patients with impaired esophageal motility (mean peristaltic amplitude, <30 mm Hg or peristalsis <70% of wet swallows) and 588 patients with normal esophageal motility. Toupet and Nissen patients reported similar preoperative heartburn, regurgitation, and dysphagia. At 6 weeks after operation, heartburn and regurgitation were similarly improved in both groups, but dysphagia was more prevalent among Nissen patients. After 1 year, heartburn and regurgitation were re-emerging in Toupet patients, and dysphagia was again similar between groups. Patients with impaired motility who have Nissen fundoplication are no more likely to suffer persistent dysphagia than their counterparts who have Toupet fundoplication. In addition, patients with normal motility are more likely to develop symptom recurrence after Toupet fundoplication than Nissen fundoplication, with no distinction in dysphagia rates. We conclude that since Toupet patients suffer more heartburn recurrence than Nissen patients, with similar dysphagia, selective use of Toupet fundoplication requires further study.


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