Identification of Pathological Voices Using Glottal Noise Measures

Parsa, Vijay; Jamieson, Donald G.
April 2000
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2000, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p469
Academic Journal
We investigated the abilities of four fundamental frequency (F[sub 0])dependent and two F[sub 0]-independent measures to quantify vocal noise. Two of the F[subm 0]-dependent measures were computed in the time domain, and two were computed using spectral information from the vowel. The F[sub 0]-independent measures were based on the linear prediction (LP) modeling of vowel samples. Tests using a database of sustained vowel samples, collected from 53 normal and 175 pathological talkers, showed that measures based on the LP model were much superior to the other measures. A classification rate of 96.5% was achieved by a parameter that quantifies the spectral flatness of the unmodeled component of the vowel sample.


Related Articles

  • Parameterization of the Voice Source by Combining Spectral Decay and Amplitude Features of the... Alku, Paavo; Vilkman, Erkki // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct1998, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p990 

    Presents a method for the parameterization of glottal volume velocity waveforms that have been estimated by inverse filtering acoustic speech pressure signals. Parameterization of the spectral decay of the glottal source; Estimation of the amplitude values of the glottal flow; Inverse filtering...

  • Electroglottographic Evaluation of Gender and Vowel Effects During Modal and Vocal Fry Phonation. Chen, Yang; Robb, Michael P.; Gilbert, Harvey R. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2002, Vol. 45 Issue 5, p821 

    Two unique characteristics of vocal fry register are the occurrence of multiple opening and closing phases occurring within one vibratory cycle and a similar vocal fundamental frequency (F[sub 0]) between women and men. The present study tested the hypothesis that significant differences in...

  • Role of F0 and amplitude in the perception of intervocalic glottal stops. Hillenbrand, James M.; Houde, Robert A. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Dec96, Vol. 39 Issue 6, p1182 

    Examines the effect of amplitude and fundamental frequency changes in the perception of intervocalic glottal stops. Glottal stop identification rate for the original pitch/original amplitude condition; Perception of synthetic continuum; Effects of combining fundamental frequency and amplitude cues.

  • Non-Glottalization in Korean Fortis Consonants. Wei-rong Chen // Canadian Social Science;2012, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p44 

    It is claimed that the three types of obstruent consonants in Korean (fortis/lenis/aspirated) are currently undergoing a diachronic change in articulation in that the differences in the voice onset time (VOT, in association with the degree of aspiration) is becoming not completely contrastive...

  • Quantification of Static and Dynamic Supraglottic Activity. Stager, Sheila V.; Bielamowicz, Steven; Gupta, Ashmit; Marullo, Shannon; Regnell, Joan R.; Barkmeier, Julie // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2001, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p1245 

    For estimating supraglottic compression in disordered voice production, categorical rating scales of true vocal fold coverage by supraglottic structures are the current standard. Quantification of change in the position of supraglottic structures compared to no supraglottic activity would be a...

  • The glottalic model of Proto-Indo-European consonantism: re-igniting the dialog. Bomhard, Allan R. // Slovo a Slovesnost;2016, Vol. 77 Issue 4, p371 

    The purpose of this article is to re-ignite a discussion concerning the reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European consonant system. The article begins with a discussion of the traditional reconstruction, starting with August Schleicher (1861), continuing on with Karl Brugmann (1904), and ending...

  • SOME NOTES ON THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SPEECH PRODUCTION. Sawashima, Masayuki // Language & Speech;Jan-Mar80, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p31 

    This article discusses the point of view of the physiology of the speech production mechanism. Concerning the problem of the Laryngeal adjustments for the voicing distinction, fairly clear physiological evidence has been obtained. The basic features of laryngeal movements for the voiced v....

  • CONTEXTUAL VARIATION OF THE VOWEL VOICE SOURCE AS A FUNCTION OF ADJACENT CONSONANTS. Chasaide, Ailbhe Ní; Gobl, Christer // Language & Speech;Apr-Sep93, Vol. 36 Issue 2/3, p303 

    Examines the contextual effects of voiced/voiceless stops on the voice source of an adjacent vowel for the first vowel in CVCV utterances in German, English, Swedish, French and Italian. Interactive inverse filtering and parameterization of the glottal waveform in terms of a four-parameter voice...

  • On the development of initial *Hu, *Hi and the rise of initial acute diphthongs in Baltic and Slavic. Pronk, Tijmen // Studies in Slavic & General Linguistics;2011, Vol. 37, p309 

    The author discusses the absence of serious accentuated counterexamples for the acute glottalization of the stressed initials Hu and Hi in Baltic and Slavic languages. He states that the laryngeal metathesis of the Hu and Hi initials is similar to glottalic accentuations. The author notes that...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics