Factors Affecting the Recognition of Reverberant Speech by Elderly Listeners
- Adults' Perception and Production of the English Vowel /i/. Frieda, Elaina M.; Walley, Amanda C.; Flege, James E.; Sloane, Michael E. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2000, Vol. 43 Issue 1, p129
This study investigated the link between the perception and production of the English vowel /i/ by adult native speakers of English. Participants first produced the vowel /i/ using normal (citation) and careful (hyperarticulated) speech, then completed a method of adjustment task in which they...
- Factors associated with individual differences in clinical measures of speech recognition among... Humes, Larry E.; Watson, Betty U. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Apr94, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p465
Discusses factors associated with individual differences in clinical measures of speech recognition among the aged. Nonsense syllables; Monosyllabic words; Listening conditions; Measures of auditory processing; Hearing loss; Research implications.
- Time-expanded speech and speech recognition in older adults. Vaughan, Nancy E.; Furukawa, Izumi; Balasingam, Nirmala; Mortz, Margaret; Fausti, Stephen A. // Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development;Sep/Oct2002, Vol. 39 Issue 5, p559
Presents a study conducted to investigate the effects of computerized slowing of speech on speech recognition in older listeners. Introduction to speech understanding deficits; Characteristics of the participants; Materials and methods used; Results.
- Talking Speech Input. Berliss-Vincent, Jane; Whitford, Gigi // Communication Disorders Quarterly;Spring2002, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p155
Presents the factors involved in successful speech input use and the potential barriers which may suggest that other access technologies could be more appropriate for a given individual. Types of speech input programs; Procedures involved in using speech input; Optimization of speech recognition.
- Cochlear Function and Speech Recognition in the Elderly. Quaranta, Antonio; Sallustio, Vincenzo; Scaringi, Angelo // Audiology: Journal of Auditory Communication;Nov/Dec2001, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p24
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the performance of elderly subjects in advanced tests that assess primary cochlear functions (temporal summation, frequency selectivity, cochlear mechanics) and relate them to speech recognition scores. The results show that measures of primary...
- HIDDEN COSTS OF EFFORTFUL LISTENING ON SPEECH COMPREHENSION. STANLEY, RAYMOND; TUN, PATRICIA A.; BROWNELL, HIRAM; WINGFIELD, ARTHUR // Journal of Communications Research;2012, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p157
Older adults are the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, with the number of adults age 65 or older expected to grow from 35 million in the year 2000, to 70.3 million in 2030. Among this group, hearing loss is the third most prevalent chronic medical condition, exceeded only by...
- Effects of Age and Hearing Loss on Gap Detection and the Precedence Effect: Broadband Stimuli. Roberts, Richard A.; Lister, Jennifer J. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2004, Vol. 47 Issue 5, p965
Older listeners with normal-hearing sensitivity and impaired-hearing sensitivity often demonstrate poorer-than-normal performance on tasks of speech understanding in noise and reverberation. Deficits in temporal resolution and in the precedence effect may underlie this difficulty. Temporal...
- A TEMPORAL ORDER EFFECT IN VOICE ONSET TIME DISCRIMINATION. Uselding, Douglas K. // Language & Speech;Oct-Dec77, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p366
Demonstrates the importance of the voice onset time (VOT) to discriminate between synthetic speech stimuli. Detection of voiced to voiceless changes; Differences in the adult perception of speech sounds; Information regarding the nature and operating characteristics of the language mechanism...
- PERCEPTION OF STOP CONSONANTS WITH CONFLICTING TRANSITIONAL CUES: A CROSS-LINGUISTIC STUDY. Fujimura, O.; Macchi, M.J.; Streeter, L.A. // Language & Speech;Oct-Dec78, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p337
Presents a cross-linguistic study of the perception of stop consonants with conflicting transitional cues. Difference in the linguistic function of vowel consonant transitions; Link between consonant identification and speech production factors; Description of phonology.