Diffuse Esophageal Spasm

Grübel, Claudia; Borovicka, Jan; Schwizer, Werner; Fox, Mark; Hebbard, Geoff
February 2008
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Feb2008, Vol. 103 Issue 2, p450
Academic Journal
The purpose of this article is to review the clinical features, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of patients with diffuse esophageal spasm (DES). The PubMed database was searched with a focus on recent publications, using keywords “DES,” plus “epidemiology,”“prevalence,”“diagnosis,”“pathogenesis,”“calcium channel blocker,”“nitrates,”“botulinum toxin,”“antidepressants,”“dilation,” and “myotomy.” The reference lists of papers identified in the initial PubMed search were reviewed for further relevant publications.


Related Articles

  • The management of patients with primary chronic anal fissure: a position paper. Altomare, D. F.; Binda, G. A.; Canuti, S.; Landolfi, V.; Trompetto, M.; Villani, R. D. // Techniques in Coloproctology;Jun2011, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p135 

    nal fissure is one of the most common and painful proctologic diseases. Its treatment has long been discussed and several different therapeutic options have been proposed. In the last decades, the understanding of its pathophysiology has led to a progressive reduction of invasive and potentially...

  • Clozapine-induced hypersalivation: a review of treatment strategies. Sockalingam, Sanjeev; Shammi, Chekkera; Remington, Gary // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry;Jun2007, Vol. 52 Issue 6, p377 

    Objective: Clozapine-induced hypersalivation (CIH) is a significant side effect affecting about one-third of patients treated with clozapine. CIH can be stigmatizing, can affect quality of life, and can result in discontinuation of clozapine treatment. The purpose of this review is...

  • An evidence-based treatment algorithm for anal fissure. Lund, J. N.; Nyström, P. O.; Coremans, G.; Herold, A.; Karaitianos, I.; Spyrou, M.; Schouten, W. R.; Arroyo-Sebastian, A.; Pescatori, M. // Techniques in Coloproctology;Oct2006, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p177 

    Guidelines for the treatment of anal fissure have been published in the USA and UK but differ. Many centers follow guidelines based on local experience. In December 2005, we met with the aim of developing an evidence-based treatment algorithm for anal fissure, applicable to both primary and...

  • EDITORIAL MESSAGE. Del Rosso, James Q.; Werschler, Wm. Philip // Journal of Clinical & Aesthetic Dermatology;Mar2010, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p8 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one on pregnancy which is not detrimental to the melonoma patient with clinically localized disease, one by Nestor Ablon and colleagues on the use of a contact cooling device in reducing pain and ecchymosis associated...

  • You Be the Coder.  // Dermatology Coding Alert;Nov2010, Vol. 6 Issue 11, p85 

    The article provides an answer to a question of how to code if a patient recently had surgery and a Botox injection is scheduled for the global period.

  • Botox Therapy for Strokes.  // Medical Update;2002, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p4 

    Presents information on the therapeutic benefits of botulinum toxin for stroke patients.

  • Migraine prophylaxis: what is new and what we need? Barbanti, P.; Aurilia, C.; Egeo, G.; Fofi, L. // Neurological Sciences;May2011, Vol. 32, p111 

    wide array of options are now available for migraine prophylaxis. Conventional treatments include beta-blockers, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, calcium antagonists and antiserotoninergic drugs. Emerging medications such as ACE inhibitors, sartans and nutritional supplements are gaining favour...

  • Thoraxschmerzen, Dyspnoe und Schluckbeschwerden. Meyer, P.; Götze, O.; Hochuli, M. // Praxis (16618157);3/2/2011, Vol. 100 Issue 5, p308 

    No abstract available.

  • Botulinum toxin and anal fissure: Efficacy and safety systematic review. Yiannakopoulou, Eugenia // International Journal of Colorectal Disease;Jan2012, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p1 

    Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin in the treatment of anal fissure. An answer was attempted to the following research questions: (i) what is the efficacy of botulinum toxin in healing of anal fissure compared to placebo, (ii)...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics