TITLE

Diffuse Esophageal Spasm

AUTHOR(S)
Grübel, Claudia; Borovicka, Jan; Schwizer, Werner; Fox, Mark; Hebbard, Geoff
PUB. DATE
February 2008
SOURCE
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Feb2008, Vol. 103 Issue 2, p450
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this article is to review the clinical features, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of patients with diffuse esophageal spasm (DES). The PubMed database was searched with a focus on recent publications, using keywords “DES,” plus “epidemiology,”“prevalence,”“diagnosis,”“pathogenesis,”“calcium channel blocker,”“nitrates,”“botulinum toxin,”“antidepressants,”“dilation,” and “myotomy.” The reference lists of papers identified in the initial PubMed search were reviewed for further relevant publications.
ACCESSION #
29383664

 

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