TITLE

Prevalence and determinants of asthma in adult male leather tannery workers in Karachi, Pakistan: A cross sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Shahzad, Khurram; Akhtar, Saeed; Mahmud, Sadia
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6, p292
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and to identify some risk factors of adult asthma in male leather tannery workers in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from August 2003 to March 2004 on leather tannery workers of Karachi, Pakistan. Data were collected from 641 workers engaged in 95 different tanneries in Korangi industrial area selected as sample of convenience. Face to face interviews were performed using a structured pre-tested questionnaire by trained data collectors. Results: Prevalence of adult asthma was 10.8% (69/641) in this study population. The prevalence of perceived work-related asthma was 5.3% (34/641). Multivariable logistic regression model showed that after taking into account the age effect, the leather tannery worker were more likely to be asthmatic, if they were illiterate (adjusted OR = 2.13, 95% CI: 1.17-3.88), of Pathan ethnicity (adjusted OR = 2.69; 95% CI: 1.35-5.36), ever-smoked (adjusted OR = 2.22, 95% CI: 1.16-4.26), reportedly never used gloves during different tanning tasks (OR = 3.28; 95% CI : 1.72-6.26). Also, the final model showed a significant interaction between perceived allergy and duration of work. Those who perceived to have allergy were more likely to have asthma if their duration of work was 8 years (adjusted OR = 2.26; 95% CI: 1.19 - 4.29) and this relationship was even stronger if duration was 13 years (adjusted OR = 3.67; 95% CI: 1.98-6.79). Conclusion: Prevalence of asthma in leather tannery workers appears to be high and is associated with educational status, ethnicity, smoking, glove use, perceived to have allergy and duration of work.
ACCESSION #
29362429

 

Related Articles

  • The effect of asthma on phonation: A controlled study of 34 patients. Asnaashari, Amir M. H.; Rezaei, Saman; Babaeian, Mahasti; Taiarani, Mohamad; Taghi Shakeri, Mohamad; Sedigheh Fatemi, Seiedeh; Amiri Darban, Atefeh // ENT: Ear, Nose & Throat Journal;Apr2012, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p168 

    The effect of upper respiratory tract diseases on phonation has been reviewed, but little is known about the influence of lower respiratory tract diseases. In particular, the effect of asthma as a reversible obstructive small-airway disease on phonatory variables is not yet clear. We conducted a...

  • Testosterone Is Associated with Erectile Dysfunction: A Cross-Sectional Study in Chinese Men. Ming Liao; Xianghua Huang; Yong Gao; Aihua Tan; Zheng Lu; Chunlei Wu; Youjie Zhang; Xiaobo Yang; Haiying Zhang; Xue Qin; Zengnan Mo // PLoS ONE;Jun2012, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1 

    Background: Testosterone is essential for the regulation of erectile physiology, but the relationship between low testosterone and erectile dysfunction (ED) has not been firmly established. Purpose: To examine the association between serum total, free and bio-available testosterone and ED in a...

  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma in School Going Children in South India. Mathew, A. C.; Prince, T. G.; Remees, R.; Saravanapandian, N.; Ramalingam, S.; Srikanth, K.; Mathai, J. // Nepal Journal of Epidemiology;2012, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p171 

    Background In India, the prevalence of asthma has increased over the last two decades especially in children and young adults. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of asthma in school going children aged 5-10 and 11-15 years in the city of Coimbatore and determine the risk factors...

  • Air Pollution, Asthma Attacks, and Socioeconomic Deprivation: A Small-Area Case-Crossover Study. Olivier Laurent; Gaëlle Pedrono; Claire Segala; Laurent Filleul; Sabrina Havard; Séverine Deguen; Charles Schillinger; Emmanuel Rivière; Denis Bard // American Journal of Epidemiology;Jul2008, Vol. 168 Issue 1, p58 

    With few exceptions, studies of short-term health effects of air pollution use pollutant concentrations that are averaged citywide as exposure indicators. They are thus prone to exposure misclassification and consequently to bias. Measurement of the relations between air pollution and health,...

  • Prevalence of asthma and other allergic conditions in Colombia 2009-2010: a cross-sectional study.  // BMC Pulmonary Medicine;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p17 

    The article presents a cross-sectional study which examines the prevalence of asthma, atopic eczema (AE), and allergic rhinitis (AR), and atopy in six cities in Colombia. Findings reveal that the incidence of asthma, AR, and AE symptoms was 12%, 32%, and 14%, respectively. It concludes the...

  • Asthma Inhalers Sale without Medical Prescription in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A Cross Sectional Study. AL-Mutairi, Azizah M.; AL-Enezi, Dalia H.; Algdeer, Areej; Altannir, Mustafa M.; Al-Sadoon, Mohammed; Chaballout, Mohammad; Qannita, Ahmed S.; Almardini, Amin; Al-Tannir, Mohamad A. // International Journal of Pharmacy;2014, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p24 

    This study aims to quantify the sale of inhalers without a prescription, describe the degree of difficulty for obtaining these inhalers without a prescription and assess if pharmacists educate patients about the correct use of the inhaler. A cross-sectional study of a quasi-random sample of 252...

  • A population-based study of asthma, quality of life, and occupation among elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic whites: a cross-sectional investigation. Arif, Ahmed A.; Rohrer, James E.; Delclos, George L. // BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5, p97 

    Background: The U.S. population is aging and is expected to double by the year 2030. The current study evaluated the prevalence of asthma and its correlates in the elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white population. Methods: Data from a sample of 3021 Hispanics and non-Hispanic White subjects,...

  • Refractory asthma in the UK: cross-sectional findings from a UK multicentre registry. Heaney, Liam G.; Brightling, Chris E.; Menzies-Gow, Andrew; Stevenson, Michael; Niven, Rob M. // Thorax;Sep2010, Vol. 65 Issue 9, p787 

    Introduction Refractory asthma represents a significant unmet clinical need where the evidence base for the assessment and therapeutic management is limited. The British Thoracic Society (BTS) Difficult Asthma Network has established an online National Registry to standardise specialist UK...

  • Prospectively measured 10-year changes in health-related quality of life and comparison with cross-sectional estimates in a population-based cohort of adult women and men. Hopman, Wilma; Berger, Claudie; Joseph, Lawrence; Zhou, Wei; Prior, Jerilynn; Towheed, Tanveer; Anastassiades, Tassos; Adachi, Jonathan; Hanley, David; Papadimitropoulos, Emmanuel; Kirkland, Susan; Kaiser, Stephanie; Josse, Robert; Goltzman, David // Quality of Life Research;Dec2014, Vol. 23 Issue 10, p2707 

    Purpose: To prospectively assess changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over 10 years, by age and sex, and to compare measured within-person change to estimates of change based on cross-sectional data. Methods: Participants in the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study completed the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics