TITLE

Family time, parental behaviour model and the initiation of smoking and alcohol use by ten-year-old children: an epidemiological study in Kaunas, Lithuania

AUTHOR(S)
Garmienė, Asta; Žemaitienė, Nida; Zaborskis, Apolinaras
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p287
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Family is considered to be the first and the most important child development and socialization bond. Nevertheless, parental behaviour model importance for the children, as well as family time for shared activity amount influence upon the child's health-related behaviour habit development has not been yet thoroughly examined. The aim of this paper is to indicate the advanced health-hazardous behaviour modelling possibilities in the families, as well as time spent for joint family activities, and to examine the importance of time spent for joint family activities for the smoking and alcohol use habit initiation among children. Methods: This research was carried out in Kaunas, Lithuania, during the school year 2004-2005. The research population consisted of 369 fifth-grade schoolchildren (211 (57.2%) boys and 158 (42.8%) girls) and 565 parents: 323 (57.2%) mothers and 242 (48.2%) fathers. The response rate was 80.7% for children; 96.1% and 90.6% for mothers and fathers correspondingly. Results: Eating a meal together was the most frequent joint family activity, whereas visiting friends or relatives together, going for a walk, or playing sports were the most infrequent joint family activities. More than two thirds (81.5%) of parents (248 (77.0%) mothers and 207 (85.9%) fathers (p < 0.05)) reported frequenting alcohol furnished parties at least once a month. About half of the surveyed fathers (50.6%) together with one fifth of the mothers (19.9%) (p < 0.001) were smokers. More frequently than girls, boys reported having tried smoking (6.6% and 23.0% respectively; p < 0.001) as well as alcohol (31.16% and 40.1% respectively; p < 0.05). Child alcohol use was associated both with paternal alcohol use, and with the time, spent in joint family activities. For instance, boys were more prone to try alcohol, if their fathers frequented alcohol furnished parties, whereas girls were more prone to try alcohol, if family members spent less time together. Conclusion: Joint family activity time deficit together with frequent parental examples of smoking and alcohol use underlie the development of alcohol and smoking addictions in children to some extent. The above-mentioned issues are suggested to be widely addressed in the comprehensive family health education programs.
ACCESSION #
29362424

 

Related Articles

  • Measuring in support of early childhood development. Hertzman, Clyde; Clinton, Jean; Lynk, Andrew // Paediatrics & Child Health (1205-7088);Dec2011, Vol. 16 Issue 10, p655 

    A child's early experiences and environments have a significant, measurable effect on later life trajectories of health and well-being. Each child's own world, especially parents and other caregivers, literally sculpts the brain and impacts stress pathways. Effective early childhood...

  • Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among children in urban slums of Delhi. Bhadoria, Ajeet Singh; Sareen, Neha; Kapil, Umesh // International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological D;Jul2013, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p323 

    A letter to the editor about the prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among children in Delhi, India which was documented by the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is presented.

  • Support of autistic children families. Spanopoulou, A.; Adamou, V.; Papastergiou, D.; Kalogeropoulou, I. // Scientific Chronicles / Epistimonika Chronika;Oct2012, p200 

    Raising an autistic child can undoubtedly be a very demanding experience for the whole family, considering parents as well as children, in general. As far as the present review study is concerned, the contribution of the family in the education and health development of autistic children has...

  • Unlocking the positive potential of clinical leadership. Spurgeon, Peter // International Journal of Clinical Leadership;Jan2008, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p1 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue including one by Lord Darzi on the ways to release the largely untapped managerial and leadership resource, another one on the national project by the NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement.

  • Parent Mentoring and Child Anticipatory Guidance with Latino and African American Families. Farber, Michaela L. Z. // Health & Social Work;Aug2009, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p179 

    Poor health and developmental outcomes for children are linked to scarcity of economic resources, various barriers in the delivery of health services, and inadequate parenting. To mitigate such adverse effects and address the needs of 50 high-risk, low-income Latino and African American families...

  • Multiple-Output Child Health Production Functions: The Impact of Time-Varying and Time-Invariant Inputs. Agee, Mark D.; Atkinson, Scott E.; Crocker, Thomas D. // Southern Economic Journal;Oct2008, Vol. 75 Issue 2, p410 

    Many production activities generate undesirable outputs in conjunction with the desirable outputs. In this paper we present the first estimates of a multiple-input, multiple-output directional distance function that relates good and bad inputs from home, school, and environment to good and bad...

  • Curtin delivers parenting support. Wayne-Elliot, Tammy // Australian Nursing Journal;Jul2009, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p38 

    The article discusses a pilot program developed by Curtin University of Technology's School of Nursing and Midwifery and the Office of Aboriginal Health which provides Indigenous parenting support in the Halls Creek community. The program incorporates a developmental health focus that addresses...

  • Taking health education to Nairobi. Devereux, Sonia // GP: General Practitioner;5/12/2006, p63 

    The article presents information on the author's experiences of visiting Nairobi, Kenya, to spread health education. The author decided to put her general practitioner (GP) skills to use and go out for a short trip. The aim was to assess ways to support the healthcare of the children and staff...

  • Boys are more stunted than girls in Sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis of 16 demographic and health surveys. Wamani, Henry; Åstrøm, Anne Nordrehaug; Peterson, Stefan; Tumwine, James K.; Tylleskär, Thorkild // BMC Pediatrics;2007, Vol. 7, p17 

    Background: Many studies in sub-Saharan Africa have occasionally reported a higher prevalence of stunting in male children compared to female children. This study examined whether there are systematic sex differences in stunting rates in children under-five years of age, and how the sex...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics