TITLE

Smoking trends among adolescents from 1990 to 2002 in ten European countries and Canada

AUTHOR(S)
Hublet, Anne; de Bacquer, Dirk; Valimaa, Raili; Godeau, Emmanuelle; Schmid, Holger; Rahav, Giora; Maes, Lea
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6, p280
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Daily smoking adolescents are a public health problem as they are more likely to become adult smokers and to develop smoking-related health problems later on in their lives. Methods: The study is part of the four-yearly, cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study, a school-based survey on a nationally representative sample using a standardised methodology. Data of 4 survey periods are available (1990-2002). Gender-specific daily smoking trends among 14-15 year olds are examined using logistic regressions. Sex ratios are calculated for each survey period and country. Interaction effects between period and gender are examined. Results: Daily smoking prevalence in boys in 2002 ranges from 5.5% in Sweden to 20.0% in Latvia. Among girls, the daily smoking prevalence in 2002 ranges from 8.9% in Poland to 24.7% in Austria. Three daily smoking trend groups are identified: countries with a declining or stagnating trend, countries with an increasing trend followed by a decreasing trend, and countries with an increasing trend. These trend groups show a geographical pattern, but are not linked to smoking prevalence. Over the 4 surveys, the sex ratio has changed in Belgium, Switzerland, and Latvia. Conclusion: Among adolescents in Europe, three groups of countries in a different stage of the smoking epidemic curve can be identified, with girls being in an earlier stage than boys. In 2002, large differences in smoking prevalence between the countries have been observed. This predicts a high mortality due to smoking over 20-30 years for some countries, if no policy interventions are taken.
ACCESSION #
29362417

 

Related Articles

  • Independent Nurse: Vital Statistics - Scottish health.  // GP: General Practitioner;12/9/2005, p89 

    This article reports that the latest Scottish Health survey has charted key changes in the health of adults and children between 1998 and 2003. It found that the number of men and women smoking had fallen. The number of men binge drinking had also fallen, however the number of male problem...

  • Smoking Behavior in a Teenage Population: A Multivariate Conceptual Approach. Lanese, Richard R.; Banks, Franklin R.; Keller, Martin D. // American Journal of Public Health;Jun1972, Vol. 62 Issue 6, p807 

    In studies of variables that can be used to predict teenage smoking, there is a need for surveys using multiple prediction procedures. This paper is an attempt to select an optimum set of such predictors and to establish their interrelationships. Findings are presented and areas of research are...

  • Vulnerability to smoking after trying a single cigarette can lie dormant for three years or more. Fidler, J. A.; Wardle, J.; Brodersen, N. Henning; Jarvis, M. J.; West, R. // Tobacco Control;Jun2006, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p205 

    Objective: To examine the development of smoking behaviour among adolescents who, at age 11, had tried cigarettes just once. Design: A five-year prospective study. Setting: 36 schools in South London, England. Subjects: A socioeconomically and ethnically diverse sample of students completed...

  • Light and intermittent smoking: The road less traveled. Fagan, Pebbles; Rigotti, Nancy A. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Feb2009, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p107 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one on light or intermittent smoking patterns based on the California Health Interview Survey, another on light and intermittent smokers in Egypt, as well as a report on transitions from daily to nondaily smoking among...

  • Smoke Signals.  // Scholastic Choices;Feb/Mar2007, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p30 

    The article presents some pieces of advice from the readers of the journal for teenagers who smoke.

  • Restricting the retail supply of tobacco to minors. Tutt, Douglas; Bauer, Lyndon; DiFranza, Joseph // Journal of Public Health Policy;2009, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p68 

    To examine the impact of enforcement of age-restricted tobacco sales on adolescent tobacco purchasing and smoking, we compared the Central Coast intervention area to the rest of New South Wales (NSW) and Australia. We collected data on students in school years 7–12 from triennial health...

  • Period, Age, and Cohort Effects on Substance Use Among American Youth, 1976-82. O'Malley, Patrick M.; Bachman, Jerald G.; Johnston, Lloyd D. // American Journal of Public Health;Jul1984, Vol. 74 Issue 7, p682 

    Period. age, and cohort effects on substance use are differentiated for American youth 18 to 24 years old during the period from 1976 to 1992. The data are provided by the Monitoring the Future project, an ongoing study which employs a cohort-sequential design. Weighted least squares regression...

  • Most Teenagers Who Obtain Prenatal Care at Public Clinics Discontinue Substance Use Early in Pregnancy. Raab, M. // Family Planning Perspectives;Jul/Aug98, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p198 

    This article reports that most teenagers who obtain prenatal care at public clinics discontinue substance use early in pregnancy. In a survey conducted between November 1993 and December 1994 among 15-19-year-old women who were at least 12 weeks into their pregnancy took part in it. Respondents...

  • Determinants Number of Cigarette Smoked with Iranian Adolescents: A Multilevel Zero Inflated Poisson Regression Model. Moghimbeigi, A.; Eshraghian, M. R.; Mohammad, K.; Nourijelyani, K.; Husseini, M. // Iranian Journal of Public Health;2009, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p91 

    Background: The present study was conducted to know about the association between amount of smoking and mental health plus demographic factors in the Iranian adolescents. Methods: Data of this research was drawn from the National Health Survey in Iran from April 1999-March 2000. All 1745...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics