Explanations of socioeconomic differences in changes in physical function in older adults: results from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam

Koster, Annemarie; Bosma, Hans; Broese van Groenou, Marjolein I.; Kempen, Gertrudis I. J. M.; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.; van Eijk, Jacques Th. M.; Deeg, Dorly J. H.
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p244
Academic Journal
Background: This study examines the association between socioeconomic status and changes in physical function in younger- (aged 55-70 years) and older-old (aged 70-85 years) adults and seeks to determine the relative contribution of diseases, behavioral, and psychosocial factors in explaining this association. Methods: Data were from 2,366 men and women, aged 55-85 years, participating in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). Two indicators of socioeconomic status were used: education and income. Physical function was measured by self-reported physical ability over nine years of follow-up. Results: In older adults, low socioeconomic status was related to a poorer level of physical function during nine years of follow-up. In subjects who were between 55 and 70 years old, there was an additional significant socioeconomic-differential decline in physical function, while socioeconomic differentials did not further widen in subjects 70 years and older. Behavioral factors, mainly BMI and physical activity, largely explained the socioeconomic differences in physical function in the youngest age group, while psychosocial factors reduced socioeconomic status differences most in the oldest age group. Conclusion: The findings indicate age-specificity of both the pattern of socioeconomic status differences in function in older persons and the mechanisms underlying these associations.


Related Articles

  • Health measures. Duetz, Margreet S.; Abel, Thomas; Niemann, Steffen // European Journal of Public Health;Dec2003, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p313 

    Background: In a cohort survey on health-related lifestyles, four different measures of health were analysed with regard to their associations with gender, socio-economic and psychosocial factors. Methods: The survey was carried out in Berne, Switzerland. Response rate was 64% in the initial...

  • Activity at middle age may reduce early CVD mortality risk.  // Geriatrics;Jan2005, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p39 

    This article focuses on how compared to a sedentary lifestyle, regular moderate to vigorous physical activity is associated with substantially lower overall mortality, according to data from the 1992 Health and Retirement Study of 9,611 individuals age 51 to 61. Participants represented a range...

  • Loneliness Among Older People: Results from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care - Blekinge. Taube, Elin; Kristensson, Jimmie; Midlöv, Patrik; Holst, Göran; Jakobsson, Ulf // Open Geriatric Medicine Journal;2013, Vol. 6, p1 

    Objectives: To investigate the prevalence and predictors of loneliness in older people (aged 78+) over a sixyear period. Method: The sample (n=828) was drawn from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care and the respondents were followed up at three and six years. Data were collected by...

  • The Effect of Season on Physical Activity Among Older Adults in King County, Washington. Cheadle, Allen // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Jul2006, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p304 

    Background: Effective promotion of physical activity among older adults, and the evaluation of those efforts, requires a better understanding of the impact of seasonal patterns on physical activity. Methods: This article used data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, a...

  • Correlates of Leisure-Time Physical Activity in an Elderly Population in Singapore. Wong Mee Lian; Goh Lee Gan; Chia Hwee Pin; Sharon Wee; Hong Ching Ye // American Journal of Public Health;Oct99, Vol. 89 Issue 10, p1578 

    Objectives. This study assessed correlates of leisure-time physical activity among the elderly in Singapore. Methods. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in 1998 with 2494 subjects 60 years and older. Results. Regular leisure-time physical activity was practiced by 47.0% of men and...

  • Socio-Economic Status of Elderly of Bangladesh: A Statistical Analysis. Uddin, M. Taj; Islam, Md. Nazrul; Alam, Md. Johurul; Baher, Gias Uddin // Journal of Applied Sciences;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 23, p3060 

    No abstract available.

  • MOKSLEIVIŲ SPORTAVIMO IR FIZINIO AKTYVUMO LAISVALAIKIU SÄ„SAJOS SU SOCIALINIAIS EKONOMINIAIS VEIKSNIAIS. Šukys, Saulius; Bagdonas, Antanas // Education. Physical Training. Sport;2007, Vol. 64 Issue 1, p44 

    The aim of the study was to establish the links of pupils' sports and physical activity with their social economic factors. Pupils' physical activity and the social economic factors of their families were established using a questionnaire. Physical activity of pupils was evaluated in regard to...

  • Determinants of social participation of visually impaired older adults. Alma, Manna; Mei, Sijrike; Groothoff, Johan; Suurmeijer, Theo // Quality of Life Research;Feb2012, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p87 

    Purpose: To assess determinants of social participation among visually impaired older adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study included visually impaired persons (≥55 years; n = 173) who were referred to a low-vision rehabilitation center. Determinants (i.e., sociodemographic, physical,...

  • Active-Living Communities Offer Wellness Programs.  // IDEA Fitness Journal;Sep2007, Vol. 4 Issue 8, p100 

    The article reports on the plan of 45% of managers in retirement communities to develop new fitness or wellness centers or to expand existing locations in 2007 and 2008, according to a survey conducted by the International Council on Active Aging (ICAA) in 2006. Among the fitness activities...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics