Overweight, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol consumption in a cross-sectional random sample of German adults

Haenle, Mark M.; Brockmann, Stefan O.; Kron, Martina; Bertling, Ursula; Mason, Richard A.; Steinbach, Gerald; Boehm, Bernhard O.; Wolfgang Koenig; Kern, Peter; Piechotowski, Isolde; Kratzer, Wolfgang
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p233
Academic Journal
Background: There is a current paucity of data on the health behaviour of non-selected populations in Central Europe. Data on health behaviour were collected as part of the EMIL study which investigated the prevalence of infection with Echinococcus multilocularis and other medical conditions in an urban German population. Methods: Participating in the present study were 2,187 adults (1,138 females [52.0%]; 1,049 males [48.0%], age: 18-65 years) taken from a sample of 4,000 persons randomly chosen from an urban population. Data on health behaviour like physical activity, tobacco and alcohol consumption were obtained by means of a questionnaire, documentation of anthropometric data, abdominal ultrasound and blood specimens for assessment of chemical parameters. Results: The overall rate of participation was 62.8%. Of these, 50.3% of the adults were overweight or obese. The proportion of active tobacco smokers stood at 30.1%. Of those surveyed 38.9% did not participate in any physical activity. Less than 2 hours of leisure time physical activity per week was associated with female sex, higher BMI (Body Mass Index), smoking and no alcohol consumption. Participants consumed on average 12 grams of alcohol per day. Total cholesterol was in 62.0% (>5.2 mmol/l) and triglycerides were elevated in 20.5% (≥ 2.3 mmol/l) of subjects studied. Hepatic steatosis was identified in 27.4% of subjects and showed an association with male sex, higher BMI, higher age, higher total blood cholesterol, lower HDL, higher triglycerides and higher ALT. Conclusion: This random sample of German urban adults was characterised by a high prevalence of overweight and obesity. This and the pattern of alcohol consumption, smoking and physical activity can be considered to put this group at high risk for associated morbidity and underscore the urgent need for preventive measures aimed at reducing the significantly increased health risk.


Related Articles

  • Socio-economic and lifestyle factors associated with overweight in Flemish adult men and women. Duvigneaud, Nathalie; Wijndaele, Katrien; Matton, Lynn; Deriemaeker, Peter; Philippaerts, Renaat; Lefevre, Johan; Thomis, Martine; Duquet, William // BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p23 

    Background: Changes in lifestyles and in the environment over the last decades are probably the most important cause of the overweight epidemic, but the findings are inconsistent among studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of several socio-economic and lifestyle...

  • Socioeconomic disadvantage and changes in health risk behaviours in Australia: 1989-90 to 2001. Najman, Jake M.; Toloo, Ghasem; Siskind, Victor // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;Dec2006, Vol. 84 Issue 12, p976 

    Objective Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is associated in industrialized countries with unhealthy lifestyle characteristics, such as smoking, physical inactivity and being overweight or obese. This paper examines changes over time in the association between SES and smoking status, physical...

  • Development of a Pedestrian Walkability Database of Northern Kentucky Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Hansen, William; Kalapasev, Ned; Gillespie, Amy; Singler, Mary; Ball, Marsha // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;May2009, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p374 

    Background: Rising obesity rates in the United States has spurred efforts by health advocates to encourage more active lifestyles including walking. Ensuring the availability, quality, and safety of pedestrian walkways has become an important issue for government at all levels. Methods:...

  • Individual Risk factors for Hip Osteoarthritis: Obesity, Hip Injury and Physical Activity. Cooper, Cyrus; Inskip, Hazel; Croft, Peter; Campbell, Lesley; Smith, Gillian; Mclearn, Magnus; Coggon, David // American Journal of Epidemiology;1998, Vol. 147 Issue 6, p516 

    Hip osteoarthritis is a major cause of pain and disability. The authors explored individual risk factors for hip osteoarthritis in a population-based case-control study. The study was performed in two English health districts (Portsmouth and North staffordshire) from 1993 to 1995. A total of 611...

  • EPIDEMIOLOGY OF RISK FACTORS FOR HEART DISEASE AMONG THE ADULT POPULATION OF LARGE INDUSTRIAL CENTER OF EASTERN SIBERIA. Shtarik, S. Yu.; Petrova, M. M.; Garganeyeva, N. P. // In the World of Scientific Discoveries / V Mire Nauchnykh Otkryt;2013, Issue 39, p155 

    Purpose. To study the prevalence of hypertension, risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, smoking, and alcohol abuse, obesity, high cholesterol, among unorganized population of adults industrial center of Eastern Siberia and their relationship to improve the strategy of...

  • The Role of Genomics in Health Behavior Change: Challenges and Opportunities. Bryan, A.D.; Hutchison, K.E. // Public Health Genomics;Apr2012, Vol. 15 Issue 3/4, p139 

    The most common causes of morbidity and mortality in the western world can be accounted for by unhealthy patterns of behavior (e.g. smoking, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, and alcohol consumption). Interventions to improve health behavior are sorely needed. To fully realize the potential...

  • Better Health Begins In The Head.  // Southern Jewish Life;May/Jun2019, Vol. 29 Issue 5, p12 

    No abstract available.

  • Do people with risky behaviours participate in biomedical cohort studies? Taylor, Anne W.; Dal Grande, Eleonora; Gill, Tiffany; Chittleborough, Catherine R.; Wilson, David H.; Adams, Robert J.; Grant, Janet F.; Phillips, Patrick; Ruffin, Richard E. // BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Analysis was undertaken on data from randomly selected participants of a biomedical cohort study to assess representativeness. The research hypotheses was that there was no difference in participation and non-participations in terms of health-related indicators (smoking, alcohol use,...

  • Correlates of menstrual cycle characteristics among nulliparous Danish women. Hahn, Kristen A.; Wise, Lauren A.; Riis, Anders H.; Mikkelsen, Ellen M.; Rothman, Kenneth J.; Banholzer, Kristen; Hatch, Elizabeth E. // Clinical Epidemiology;2013, Vol. 5, p311 

    Objective: We examined the association between lifestyle factors and menstrual cycle characteristics among nulliparous Danish women aged 18-40 years who were participating in an Internet-based prospective cohort study of pregnancy planners. Methods: We used cross-sectional data collected at...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics