Albinism in Africa as a public health issue
- What was the matter with Dr Spooner? Jay, Barrie // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);10/17/1987, Vol. 295 Issue 6604, p942
Focuses on oculocutaneous albinism and its relationship with dysgraphia and dyspraxia. Definition of albinism; Analysis on the causes of visual problems of albino babies; Distinction between tyrosine negative and tyrosine positive oculocutaneous albinism.
- More Than Skin Deep: Genetics, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis of Albinism. Gittler, Julia Klein; Marion, Robert // Einstein Journal of Biology & Medicine;2014/2015, Vol. 30 Issue 1/2, p41
Although albinism may be considered a simple diagnosis, its clinical manifestations, which include hypopigmentation of the skin, hair, and eyes and ocular abnormalities such as nystagmus and reduced visual acuity, are often subtle and initially missed. In oculocutaneous albinism, there is wide...
- ALBINISMO OCULOCUTÃNEO: ALTERACIONES VISUALES, OCULARES Y MANEJO OPTOMÃ‰TRICO. Molina Montoya, Nancy Piedad // Investigaciones ANDINA;Sep2011, Vol. 13 Issue 23, p324
Introduction: the oculocutÃ¡neous albinism is a group of autosomic recessive disorders related to the failure in the melanin biosynthesis characterized by a generalized reduction in pigmentation of hair, skin and eyes. This article summarizes visual and ocular vision alterations and...
- Light-Colored Child Raises Dark Doubts. Dunbar, Mark T. // Review of Optometry;2/15/2004, Vol. 141 Issue 2, p117
Reports a case ocular albinism in a child who lacks pigmentation within the retinal pigment epithelium. Visual acuity; Albinism as a hereditary group of disorders; Presence of nystagmus and reduced acuity.
- Change in Visual Acuity in Albinism in the Early School Years. Dijkstal, Johanna M.; Cooley, San-San; Holleschau, Ann M.; King, Richard A.; Summers, C. Gail // Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus;Mar/Apr2012, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p81
The article discusses a research study on the improvement of binocular best-corrected visual acuity (B-BCVA) in early school years of albinism patients and its relationship to ocular pigment, type of albinism or appearance of the macula. Examined were patients with albinism from 5.5-9 years on...
- Changes in Epidermal Forward Scattering Absorption after UVA or UVA-UVB Irradiation. Agin, Patricia Poh; Rose III, Arthur P.; Lane, Cynthia C.; Akin, Frank J.; Sayre, Robert M. // Journal of Investigative Dermatology;Mar1981, Vol. 76 Issue 3, p174
Groups of Skh-1 (albino) and Skh-2 (pigmented) hairless mice were irradiated for 125 hr using a modified GE F8T5-BL black light with and without a 3-mm plate glass filter to remove light below 320 nm. The epidermis was examined by forward scattering and by histological section postirradiation at...
- What does the fly really see? Anderson, Moray // Pest Control;Jul2003, Vol. 71 Issue 7, p26
Focuses on the complexity of fly vision. Captivation of light in the eyes of insects by structures called ommatidia; Number of sensory cells; Response to ultraviolet light.
- The fungus Gliocephalotrichum simplex as a source of abundant, extracellular melanin for biotechnological applications. Jalmi, Pratibha; Bodke, Pranali; Wahidullah, Solimabi; Raghukumar, Seshagiri // World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology;Feb2012, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p505
Melanins are commonly produced by bacteria, fungi, plants and animals, where they play a role in many biological functions. They protect organisms against UV and ionizing radiations. Their potential applications in biotechnological industries such as cosmetics and paints, where UV protection is...
- Foveal hemorrhage in an eye with foveal hypoplasia associated with albinism. Naonori Masuda; Taiji Hasegawa; Mariko Yamashita; Nahoko Ogata // Clinical Ophthalmology;2014, Vol. 8, p1731
Oculocutaneous albinism is a group of congenital disorders caused by alterations of melanin biosynthesis. We report our findings in a patient with oculocutaneous albinism who presented with foveal hypoplasia and a foveal hemorrhage. A 48-year-old man noted a dark spot in the middle of the visual...